Theodore John Buschman Maria Elizabeth Buschman Amelia Buschman Caroline Buschman Laurentia Buschman John Buschman Majorin Elizabeth Bijval Mini tree diagram

John Buschman

1767 - 1814

Suriname map

Life History

24th June, 1767

Born (in Suriname?).


Married (?) Majorin Elizabeth Bijval.


Birth of son Theodore John Buschman in Suriname


Birth of daughter Maria Elizabeth Buschman in Suriname


Birth of daughter Amelia Buschman in Suriname


Birth of daughter Caroline Buschman

2nd Jan 1808

Birth of daughter Laurentia Buschman in Suriname


Birth of son John Buschman in Suriname


Died and buried in Nieuwe Orange Tuin, Suriname


Based on Surinamese burial registers Donna informed us that:

Mr. J. Buschman was buried July 1, 1814, aged about 47 years, following an illness lasting 6 days.
He was an uncle/friend of P. Paulsen and ME Bijval, who buried him at the Nieuwe Orange Tuin and paid for a stone marker.
He had been a business partner of J.R. Ryhiner, who continued the business after his death.
On April 16, 1815, ME Bijval bought a plot for herself next to him.

In 1804 the British took Suriname back from the Dutch and held it till 1816.
In 1811 the British held a census (in order to get control of the country and in order to levy taxes efficiently)

census_1811_Buschman_Signature.jpg J. Buschman (white)
was living with M.E. Bijval (a free coloured woman) and children with initials M A C L and J.
[See: 1811 census reel 2, reference CO278/17 folio 58]

Images of the 1811 census form:

Whole Form
Top Left
Bottom Left
Bottom Right

In the Lutheran index of baptisms, Suriname:

07 Nov 1804, John Buschman was godfather at the baptism of the child of Johanna Cornelia Dorenbos, named Christina Johanna Cornelia Heyman.

Donna also provided the following notes that refer to mentions in Surinaamse Courant held on microfilm at the Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Royal Library) at the Hague.

April, 1808, Buschman/Weyne for Moseberg
15, July, 1814 announces the death of J. Buschman died age 47
October, 1815 Jacob Matroos regarding Buschman's business.
November 1816, M Bijval
December, 1819 Buschman/Bijval
June, 1821 TJ Buschman represented by E. Matroos
January, 1825 Bijval and Matroos free a slave named Vossenberg
June, 1827 FJ Buschman leaving colony [should this be 'TJ'?]

John Buschman's Will

John Buschman's Will - Folder Front
John Buschman's Will - page 1
John Buschman's Will - page 1 - Top Part
John Buschman's Will - page 1 - Lower Part
John Buschman's Will - page 2
John Buschman's Will - page 2 - Top Part
John Buschman's Will - page 2 - Lower Part
John Buschman's Will - page 3
John Buschman's Will - page 3 - Top Part
John Buschman's Will - page 3 - Lower Part
John Buschman's Will - page 4
John Buschman's Will - page 4 - Top Part
John Buschman's Will - page 4 - Lower Part
John Buschman's Will - page 5
John Buschman's Will - page 5 - Top Part
John Buschman's Will - page 5 - Lower Part
John Buschman's Will - page 6
John Buschman's Will - page 6 - Top Part
John Buschman's Will - page 6 - Lower Part
John Buschman's Will - page 7
John Buschman's Will - page 7 - Top Part
John Buschman's Will - page 7 - Lower Part
John Buschman's Will - page 8

A Brief Overview of Will Highlights (Courtesy of Donna Mendes)

On 22 Feb 1806 there appeared before Jan de Koff, sworn clerk, and witnesses Christoffel Hendrik Frere and Cornelis Christian Bergert:

Johan Buschman, residing in Paramaribo, being of sound mind, and with assets worth 100,000 guilders.

If he dies in the colony, he wants his executrix to organize a simple burial, and ensure that his heirs wear mourning clothes.
To his sister Adelheit Lucia Buschman, wife of J. Peter Paulssen, and the children of their marriage, namely Johanna Frederika, Johanna Catharina Elizabeth and Pieter Herman Paulssen, residing in the city of Oldenburg in the land of the Duke of Oldenburg: 5,000 guilders each.
If his sister should die, then her children are to receive her share in equal portions....and so on, until her longest lived child receives all portions.
His effects are to be sold by his executors within a year of his death, using an accredited accountant in Holland. The legacy is to be transferred to the magistrate of the city of Oldenburg, whether or not his sister is still alive.
Guardianship and administration of the legacy given to his sister's minor children shall be the responsibility of the orphan chamber in Oldenburg.

After all debt is paid, his effects including real estate are to become the property of his universal heir: Miss Majorin Byfall.
If she has already died, then the universal heirs shall be her children once they reach the age of majority, namely: Theodorus Byfall, and Elizabeth, Amalia and Carolina Buschman, as well as any other children which Miss M. Byfall should happen to bear, in equal portions.

He appoints as executrix and director of his burial: Miss Majorin Byfall. If she should predecease him, that role shall go to Mr. Francois Beudeker, who will then become executor as well as administrator and guardian of any minor heirs, with full power and authority.

He expressly excludes the new orphan chamber of this colony as well as all other similar official bodies in Surinam, in favour of the orphan chamber in Oldenburg. He does this so that they may exercise full control over the estate regardless of where he dies, where his property is located, or where his minor heirs are living.
If there are any necessary changes to be made to this will in regard to legacies, executorship, guardianship or administration, he requires that they be passed in notarial form by an independent sworn clerk, to ensure that his wishes are carried out properly.

J_Buschman_census_1811_sm.jpgThe orphan chamber was a Dutch institution responsible for handling estates, ensuring that creditors and the taxman got their money, sold off property when necessary, and put orphans into care with an allowance, when available.
Donna Mendes says: "Although it was unusual, I think he was wise to take the power away from the Surinamese officials. I suspect that they weren't always prompt or honest when it came to transferring money to the often illiterate heirs."

Curiously, in the 1811 census there is a J. Buschman listed, apparently in the care of S.A. Gerholdt (in the image on the right).

Additional Notes

John_Buschman_Signature.jpgA document of the 'Current Prices of Commodities‚ Rates of Exchange &c‚ In the Colony of Surinam' is signed by John Buschman on the First Day of May 1805.

John_Buschman_Commission_sm.jpgA British Admiralty document dated 29 Oct 1812, records the commissioning of the Private ship of Mr John Buschman, called the "John Buschman", during the 1812-1815 War with The USA.