Robert Drewry Robert Drewry Sense Drewry John Drewry Samuel Drewry Robert Drewry William Drewry William Drewry Ann Parsons Sarah Drewry John Drewry Mary Smith Mini tree diagram

Robert Drewry

Robert Drewry's signature on July 1756 document

1729 - 1765

Life History

1729

Born in Lincoln

22nd Feb 1729

Christened in St Botolph, Lincoln

24th October 1752

Married Ann Parsons in Bracebridge.

Apr 1754

Birth of son Robert Drewry

May 1754

Death of son Robert Drewry

1756

Birth of daughter Sense Drewry

1757

Birth of son John Drewry

1758

Birth of son Samuel Drewry

7th Apr 1760

Birth of son Robert Drewry

14th Jun 1761

Birth of son William Drewry

22nd Oct 1761

Death of son William Drewry

6th Jul 1763

Birth of son William Drewry

2nd Dec 1765

Died

7th Dec 1765

Buried in St Mary Le Wigford, Lincoln

Notes

From IGIBaptism Record

ROBT. DREWERY
Christening: 22 FEB 1729, Saint Botolph, Lincoln
Father: ROBT. DREWERY

The current St Botolph church in Lincoln was only built in 1721 on the site of an older demolished church.

Baptism Record London Coincidentally/Curiously also in IGI

ROBERT DRURY
Christening: 24 MAY 1730, St Botolph Bishopsgate, London
Father: ROBERT DRURY
Mother: MARY

Could Robert have been baptised twice? Later on Robert would be involved in transporting goods between Lincoln and London. Perhaps Robert senior had already been doing this and had christening ceremonies in both places.

Roberts_School_Greyfriars.jpg In 1743, Robert Drury was at Lincoln Grammar School.

RobertGraffiti1743.jpg

In 1752, Marriage between Robert Drury and Ann Parsons.

Marriage record The Bracebridge Parish record in 1752, says that Robert Drury was from St Mark's and Ann Parsons from St Mary's.

"St Mary's" must be Saint Mary Le Wigford where their son, Samuel, was Christened in 1758.
"St Mark's", as a church/parish, no longer exists but appears to be remembered in a number of place names in Lincoln, for example the St. Marks railway station (in 1846, the first station in Lincoln, but now closed); and the recently developed St Mark's Square retail complex, built in an area called St Mark's.

IGI Records
Note the different spellings!

Robert Drewry's Signature, 1754 Robert_Drewry_Signature_jun.jpg

The signature on the right is from an agreement made with William Reading, on 8 May 1754.
[The Document]

The National Archives describe the document as an "Agreement to sell and purchase ...
Signed and sealed: William Reading, Robert Drewry junior; applied seal, armorial device, paper
Parties: William Reading of Crowle grocer and Robert Drewry the younger of the city of Lincoln gent.
Property: messuage or tenement and shop gardens out-houses etc. in St. Mary in Wigford
".

Apparently the agreement needed some follow-up action. The National Archives has another document described as:
"R.H. Indenture of final concord ...
Parties: 1) Robert Drewry the younger plaintiff; 2) William Reading and Ann his wife deforciant
Property: A messuage and shop, 1 acre of land and common of pasture in parish of St. Mary le Wigford.
Consideration: £100. Date: 1st July 1754 (or 16 June 1755)
".

Indenture - Bracebridge, Lincolnshire
dated 1st July, 1759. Indenture

Lease for a Year of part of a Close in Bracebridge.

"Between Robert Drewry of the City of Lincoln, Gentleman, of the one part, and the Reverend Samuel Lodington of Bracebridge in the County of the City of Lincoln aforesaid Clerk of the other part.

All that part of a certain close of meadow or pasture ground lying and being in Bracebridge in the Parish of Skellingthorpe in the County of Lincoln, commonly called the Rough or Fir Close as hath been lately fenced in and improved by culture, lying at the North East corner thereof and containing six acres or thereabouts.............".

Signature : Robert Drewry; Wax Seal;
Document measures 19ins x 13ins (49cms x 32cms).

Robert's seal in 1756 Robert's seal in 1759

Two seals

from documents signed by Robert.

The first, with the shield, is from 1756.

The second is from a 1759 document.

Were Bracebridge and Wigford part of a single early estate? - Article

In lincolnshire.gov.uk

"In 1762 he [Lodington] mortgaged the Bracebridge estate for £1,500 to Robert Drewry of Lincoln and possibly because there were at least three other mortgages in: £I,OOO held by Sir Thomas Palmer of Carlton, in £400 held by Mrs Mary Bragg, and £160 held by the Lodington's neighbour Coningsby Sibthorp, he secured the mortgage by a 21 year lease of Bracebridge to Drewry for a rent of £338.rs.p.a. to run from his decease should he die without issue. As his heirs were his four sisters, Drewry, who had already assigned his mortgage to Francis Stones of Gainsborough and received his £1,500, started a suit in Chancery to enforce his claim. After three years an agreement was made out of court, by which Drewry's executors were bought off for £1,050."

Robert Drewry's Signature, 1765 Robert_Drewry_Signature_1765.jpg

The seal, unfortunately is in very poor condition.
The signature is from an indenture of 20 August 1765, between Robert Drewry "of the City of Lincoln, Gentleman", and William Creacy "of the said city victualler and Catherine his wife".
Just before his death, Robert sold to William and Catherine Creacy "All that messuage or tenement with the tenement outhouses stables gardens orchards ... in the parish of Saint Mary in Wigford ... now in the several tenures or occupations of John Clark and Thomas Rayner ... together with all and singular houses outhouses edifices buildings barns stables gardens orchards yards [etc.] ... lately purchased of Mr William Reading". [The Indenture]

It is interesting to note that seven years previously, Robert had married Ann Parson in Bracebridge.

Robert's FatherRobDrewrySherriff.jpg

In the notes/references below, in 1750 and 1754 Robert Drewry is referred to as 'the younger' whereas in 1765 he is just described as Robert Drewry. This suggests Robert's father also called Robert died between 1754 and 1765.

It is very likely that our Robert Drewrys and possibly a relation of Ann, John Parsons, are the Sheriffs and Mayors in the image on the right. The Roberts are likely to be this Robert (junior) and his father.

Kevin Noble in his Noble Familia claims that Robert Drewry, born 1709 in Brant Broughton (just over 12 miles from lincoln), was the gentleman who became Mayor of Lincoln in 1761. It is possible that the Brant Broughton Drewrys are related to our Drewrys. However, the baptism records of Robert's children record him as Alderman and it is unlikely that there were two Robert Drewrys of approximately the same age serving in Lincoln's local government without some distinction being made between them, in the same way that when Robert's father was alive, the son was referred to as Robert Drewry, junior.

Death RecordRobert's death record in the Harmston parish register states that he was a trustee of the Harmston estate. The Letter of Administration also describes him as "late of Harmston".
[Harmston is about 6 miles south of Lincoln - about 3 miles south of Bracebridge.]
The fact that his death is recorded in Harmston suggests that he died there.

His burial took place in St Mary le Wigford and is recorded in that parish register.

Both registers note that he is an Alderman.

Burial Record

Probate

Robert_Admon_1765_2_sm.jpgThe Letter of Administration

On his death in 1765, Ann handed over all resposibility for the administration of Robert's estate to William Fenton.

In 1771, William Fenton was a signatory to The Articles of Agreement:

"Articles of agreement hand made and concluded and agreed upon the 11th day of November in the year of Our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy One [1771] between William Fenton of Rothwells in the county of York, Esquire, a Creditor and Administrator of all and singular the Goods Chattels and Credits of Robert Drewry late of the city of Lincoln deceased of the one part and George Dale of the parish of St. Botolph Aldersgate ... London Factor ... also a creditor of the said the deceased of the other part."

"Articles of agreement hand made and concluded and agreed upon Whereas the above mentioned Robert Drewry died intestate leaving behind him Anne Laycock (now wife of the Reverend Tillotson Laycock, Clerk) formerly Drewry his Relict and John Drewry, Samuel Drewry, Robert Drewry, William Drewry and Sense Drewry Spinster his natural and lawful and only children. And whereas the said Ann Laycock, formerly Drewry, has renounced the Letters of Administration of all and singular the Goods Chattels and Credits of the said deceased and the said John Drewry, Samuel Drewry, Robert Drewry, William Drewry and Sense Drewry have been duly cited to accept or refuse the said Letters of Administration but in no wise appeared Whereupon Letters of Administration of all [and etc.] of the said deceased have (by Authority of the Prorogative Court of Canterbury) been decreed to be committed and granted to the above mentioned William Fenton a creditor of the said deceased."
[Followed by a great deal more legalese giving William Fenton full authority.]

Page 1 and Page 2 of a letter to the Archbishop (also 11th November 1771)describing the agreement and execution of a Bond.
Page 1 and Page 2 of another letter to the Archbishop (also 11th November 1771)describing the agreement very similar to the above letter. Both the letters contain the phrase "Robert Drewry late of the City of Lincoln having Bona Notabilia in the Province of Canterbury"

Definition:
"BONA NOTABILIA Engl. ecclesiastical law. Notable goods. When a person dies having at the time of his death, goods in any other diocese, beside's the goods in the diocese where he dies, amounting to the value of five pounds in the whole, he is said to have bona notabilia; in which case proof of his will, or granting letters of administration, belongs to the archbishop of the province"

The above definition would appear to say that Robert had goods or property in Canterbury Diocese. These goods might be part of the business in which he was a partner. (See The Inventory, below.)

In 1771, Robert's eldest son, John was 14, and his wife had remarried, so Robert's family may have been unable or unwilling to become involved in administering his estate. It could also be that Robert's business dealings were too complex and/or Robert's estate was not enough to cover his debts. (See below.)

A document, with the date 11th November the same year, declares that William Fenton, Thomas Fenton and Thomas Gilbank (sheriff of York in 1785) are bound in the sum of £24,600 to George Dale of "Aldersgate in the Parish of St. Botolph, Aldersgate, London / Factor". A paragraph mentions Robert Drewry's estate. It would appear that the money has something to do with that estate.
[The document]

The 'True and Perfect Inventory' of Robert Drewry's estate

The Inventory drawn up by William Fenton is very detailed running to 8 pages, most of them with two columns of entries:

Pages:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8

The inventory lists everything in Robert's house room by room:

Page 1: The Sitting Parlor, the Counting House, the Kitchen and the Back Kitchen.

Page 2: The Men's Room, the Two Cellars, the Plaister Chamber, the Servants' room, the Plaister Room and itemisation of glass and china.

Page 3: Plate, Linnen (!) and the beginning of a list of receipts.
The receipts continue to Page 7. The total worth of Robert's estate so far is given as £10,837 and 17 shillings and 9 and 3 quarters pence.

On Page 7, it is stated that:
" The said Deceased at the time of his Death was in partnership with him this Exhibitant [William Fenton] and Thomas Freshney in the Business of Carrying for Hire Goods Wares and Merchandizes of such persons as are pleased to employ them from Lincoln to London and from thence to Lincoln and other places and upon that occasion they necessarily had in that Employ jointly their property a great many Horses Wagons and Carriages and they were also jointly possessed of diverse Quantities of Hay and Corn bought for the maintenance of the Horses used in that Service and at the time of said Drewry's Death there were sundry Debts due to the Partnership and also there was due to the Exhibitant for Monies before then paid laid out and advanced by him for this said deceased on the Partnership Account the sum of 2540.1.6 save 141.19 which he this Exhibitant has received by sundry matters which reduced the Debt to 2406.2.6 [etc.]"

On page 7 there is also the statement:
"By profits from the Waggon from February 6th 1764 to Drewry's death and from thence to 6th May 1766" which suggests that Robert must have died between those dates.

Page 8 shows a grand total value of £12,262, 18 shillings and 11 and a quarter pence, once Robert's share of the partnership are factored in. Outstanding debts yet to be received will add a further £163.

But this sum (huge for the time) is apparently not enough to clear Robert's debts.

In 1775, William Fenton is dead. On 12th May, 1775, George Dale makes the following declaration
(curiously entitled: "A Declaration instead of a true and perfect inventory"

"no Goods or Chattels or Credits of or belonging to the said Robert Drewry deceased or his Estate have since the said Deceased's Death come to this Declarant's hands or possession, nor does this Declarant know of any Goods [.. etc.] remaining unadministrered as aforesaid, save and except, That this Declarant filed a Bill in the High Court of Chancery on behalf of himself and the Deceased's other Creditors against the aforesaid William Fenton as Administrator of the said Deceased and others for an account of the Deceased's Effects and for a sale (?) of the said deceased's Real Estate or so much thereof as will supply such part of his personal Estate as had been or might be appropriated towards discharging his Bond Debts for payment whereof his Real Estate was liable and Subject and for a Distribution thereof among the said deceased's Creditors. That such [?] abated by the Death of the said William Fenton and that the same cannot be Revived til there be an Administrator of the said Robert Drewry deceased. And this Declarant further declared that from the information he hath received he verily believes that the whole of the deceased's Real Estate will not be nearly sufficient to supply such part of the deceased's personal Estate as hath been appropriated towards discharging the said deceased's Bond Debts. And further declares that he hath been informed ... that whatever the Deceased's Real Estate may sell for, the same will be paid into the Bank in the Name of the Accomptant General and that the same will be apportioned to the deceased's Creditors and that no other part thereof will ever come to this Declarants hands or possession than such part thereof as may be apportioned towards the payment of this Declarant's Debt."
[The Document: Page 1, Page 2]

On the 16th May 1775, in Dale and others v.Laycock formerly Drewry
In the Prorogative Court of Canterbury:

"Appeared Personally Charles Dale [son of George] of Crooked Lane in the Parish of Saint Michael Crooked Lane London / Hardwareman and Roger Moser of Aldergate Street in the Parish of St. Botolph, Aldersgate London, Factor and made Oath That they are severally and respectively worth the Sum of Five hundred pounds of lawful money of Great Britain more than will pay all their just debts. "
[The Document]

Mary Drewry

Robert Drewry was a witness to the marriage in St Mary le Wigford in 1758, when George Dale married Mary Drewry.

Mary_Drewry_Marr_1758.jpg

The Findmypast 'Parish Records Collection' records the ages of the Bride and Groom as 24 and 30, respectively. George was around the same age as Robert.

(Michael Hallifield the second witness, is from a family of Hallifields that were baptized and married in St Mary le Wigford – probably close acquaintances of the Drewrys. Again, Michael was around the same age as Robert.)

So who is this Mary Drewry?

We know that George Dale of Aldersgate had significant business dealings with Robert, and, since Robert is the same age as George and a witness, it would be reasonable to assume that Mary is Robert's sister. Unfortunately, so far we have come across no record of her birth. There is a Mary Drury born in Brant Broughton in the right year, but we feel confident in discounting her. [See the discussion in Sarah Drewry's page.]

BastardBaptism1734.jpg It is possible that Mary is the natural sister of Robert. The record on the left is from the 1734 register at St Benedicts - a church 3 minutes walk from St Mary le Wigford.

There is also the possibility that there is a related Drewry family in London, and that Mary comes from that family (having moved up to Lincoln). It is also possibile that Mary was from Brant Broughton as mentioned above, and that that family is related to our line.

Whatever the answer, the coincidence of a George Dale of Aldersgate, London (almost certainly the same George Dale mentioned in Robert's page - a business associate) marrying a Mary Drewry in a ceremony where the clergyman is William Durance (later to marry our Robert's sister) witnessed by a Robert Drewry junior is very curious.

The Dales

George Dale lived at 109, Aldersgate Street (in later directories called Red Lion Inn) and was described mainly as a factor – as described in the legal documents - and sometimes as a merchant. For example:

Name: George Dale
Location: London
Occupation: factor commerce(s)
Address: 109, Red Lion Inn, Aldersgate Street, London
Source Date: 1769
Source Info: Listed in The London Directory for the Year 1769. Containing an Alphabetical List of Names and Places of Abode of the Merchants and Principal Traders of the City of London

It is possible George owned the Red Lion. Elsewhere he is described as "George Dale of Aldersgate Street, inn holder".

Charles Dale, appears to have taken over the business in 1776, but lived at 110 Aldersgate Street.
(In a 1775 legal document Charles' address was Crooked Lane, and in the document he is described as 'hardwareman').

Charles_Dale_Bankrupt.jpg In the Trade Directories, Charles was initially described as a factor but later as a merchant.
By 1788, Charles was a "Banker, Factor , Dealer and Chapman" and also bankrupt.

Other Notes and References

Charles_Dale_Bankrupt.jpg
[From The London Gazette, 1759(?)]

Bracebridge Parish

This link at the Lincolnshire archives contains areas for further research.

In Harvard Law School Library

Received April 27 1939 - City of Lincoln.
Accounts of Robert Drewry, Mayor, and his four Chamberlains, 1754-1755.
to John Drewry and Thomas Colton, Sheriffs of the City of Lincoln, 1792-1793.

Register Roll or Alphabetical List of the names of the Freemen of the City, called at the Great Court Leet of the Mayor, Sheriffs, Citizens and others, at the Guildhall, 5th October, 1761, and 3rd May, 1762. Robert Drewry, Mayor.

In the National Archives

[bef. 1764] codicil appointed Robert Drewry and Thomas Goodacre trustees

In the National Archives

Deeds: HILL 28/1/11/1 - 11 - 1770-1788

Contents:
Ann Drewry of Lincoln widow - William Fenton of Rothwell co. York esq, - Charles Chaplin of Tathwell esq, - Benjamin Anderson the elder of Lincoln victualler, including mortgages.

Copy, will of James Sewell of the parish of St. Peter at Gowts, Lincoln, ironmonger; Hill 1/1/5 c. 1731
mentions Joseph Drewry

Assignment of lease; Hill 1/1/820, Oct 1739
Signed and sealed: James Sewell
.. the churchyard or piece of waste ground known as St. Andrew's churchyard in Wigford, High street east, a tan yard west, messuage in occupation of Mr. Joseph Drewry ..

In the National Archives

Attested copy will of Wm. Close of Newark, felmonger; DD/H/171/52; c. 1765.

Contents: To Rob. Drewry of Lincoln £100 on trust for sis. Frances Close for life, then to children. (If none, to children of sisters Cook and Bingham.)

In bailgatebooks.combailgatebooks.com

Title: 'The history of Lincoln, Containing an Account of the Antiquities, Edifaces, Trade and Customs of that Ancient City; An Introductory Sketch of the County and a Description of the Cathedral, to which is added. an appendix, comprising the charter, and a list'.

Publisher: Drury and Sons, Lincoln; Taylor and Hessey, London 1816

and:

"Drury, J., 1802. An Historical Account of Lincoln"

In special.lib.gla.ac.uk

Lincoln: 1794 [Dn-f.3] This volume was evidently bound for use in the Cathedral as it has a red leather label on the front cover with the word Dean stamped in gold on it. The binding is almost certainly the work of John Drury of Lincoln who printed the latter two works and who was a bookbinder as well as a printer.

In creativegraces.net

Shelvoke was also involved in two trials at the Old Bailey - Daniel Lawrence , theft: simple grand larceny, 09 Sep 1747.
The Proceedings of the Old Bailey Ref: t17470909-37
Trial Summary:
Crime(s): theft : simple grand larceny,
Verdict: Part Guilty: convicted of a lesser offence

Extracts Original Text: Daniel Lawrence was indicted, and the Indictment sets forth, That he, on the 22d of April last, at the Parish of St Mary Woolnoth, in the House of George Shelvocke , Esq; and Christopher Robinson, Gent. feloniously did steal one Promissory Note, commonly called a Bank Note, No. 112. dated London, the 30th Day of December, 1746, of the Value of 20 l. signed by Ralph Morrison , for the Governor and Company of the Bank of England; by which said Note he, the said Ralph Morrison , did promise to pay to Mr Heavy Hayter, and Comp. or Bearer, on Demand, the Sum of 20 l. the same Note then being the Property of Robert Drewry and then being unpaid and unsatisfied to him the said Robert Drewry.

I shall go directly to the calling our Witnesses.
Q. to Mr Robert Drewry. Where do you live?
Drewry. At Lincoln.
Q. Had your Father, or you, any Correspondence with Thomas Hewson here in London? Do you recollect whether, in April last,your Father, or you, sent any Letter to him?
Drewry. Yes. On the 20th of April we sent a Letter to Mr Hewson, with two Bank Notes, 20 l. each. This Bank Note is my Father's Property.
Q. Where was this Letter sent?
Drewry. I carried it to Mr Randes, Post-master.
Q. Did your Father sold up the Letter in your Presence?
Drewry. Yes, my Lord, I indors'd both of them, and seal'd the Letter, and carried it up directly. It was No. 112. I promise to pay to Mr Henry Hayter , and Co. or Bearn, on Demand, the Sum of 20 l. &c. Signed, Ralph Morrison .
[Cross Examination]
Council. You said this Bank Note was your Father's Property; How do you know it was your Father's Property ?
Drewry. I paid 40 l. for both of them that very Day.

In the National Archives

D2957/27/2 11 Sept 1691. Release refer (D2957/27/3).
(1) John GOODWYN of Weston - sub - edge, gent.
(2) Nathaniell GOODWYN of New Combe, Saintbury Parish, gent.
William BYRD of Evesham, gent.
Barn and toft in Aston - sub - Edge, also arable lands (2½ yard lands) in Aston - sub - Edge occupied by Thomas BLOXHAM and Robert DREWRY.
Consideration: £600, and king's pardon for murder.
Witnesses: John BRAWNE; R. GEORGE; William BURNSTON.

At australianartilleryassociation.com

Description: Portrait of Edward Robert Drury a banker and soldier. He was born in Brussels in 1832 and arrived in Melbourne in 1852.

And who are these Drewrys

Sense and one of her brothers?

Portraits1760.jpg

These could be children (young adults?) in the Derby branch of the Drewry family especially if done before 1760. Joseph Wright's family home was very close to the Drewry printing works in Irongate, Derby.

A Drewry carrying on the business?

In Pigot’s directory in 1828:

"Carriers: To Grimsby, Wm Drewry, from The Crown {at Saltfleet} every Wednesday afternoon"

(Saltfleet is on the east coast of Lincolnshire, about 39 miles from Lincoln)