24th Nov 1844 - 16th Oct 1924
24th Nov 1844
Born in London, Middlesex.
28th May 1845
Baptised in Paddington.
16th Oct 1924
Died in Paddington.
In the 1851, 1861, 1871, and1881 censuses, Georgina is living with her parents.
In the 1871 census, Georgina is 26, Reader at Newspaper Office;
in the 1881 census, still with her parents, she is 36, and a 'Novelist & Press Writer, Author Corrector Of Press', unmarried and living at 1 Westbury Terrace. It is possible that she was working with/for her brother William Tillotson who in that census describes himself as 'General Printer'.
Curiously, three of the four sisters have adopted pen-names and eventually dropped the Drewry name. There elder brother may also have been doing business as William Tillotson.
Initially, after the 1881 census, we could not find Georgina (or any of her sisters - other than Edith) in any censuses. Then after a question from John Herrington asking about Violet Drewry (daughter of William T. Drewry) who appears in the 1901 census as niece to an Annie Stewart (and Ina Leon Cassilis) we realised that the sisters had changed their names
Malcolm was then able to find the following 1891 census records that had been transcribed incorrectly
In the 1891 census in 96 Gower St, St. Pancras. (A 'Wallen' family also share this address)
|Ida S Carrelis||Head||32||Author, Dramatist, Journalist||Kensington, London|
|Anne Stuart||Visitor||26||Professional Pianist||Kensington, London|
|Catherine S McEnnis||Servant||40||Housekeeper||Dublin, Ireland|
In the 1901 census at 29 & 30 Great Queen Street, Bloomsbury,
|Annie Stewart||Head||Single||36||Professor of Music (Author)||b. Kensington, London|
|Mateon Cassilis||Sister||Single||38||Novelist, Dramatist, Journalist||b. Kensington, London|
|Violet M M Drewry||Niece||Single||14||Brixton, London|
|Gibbs, Elizabeth||Servant||Single||32||Domestic Servant||Swindon, Wiltshire|
In the 1901 census, Ina Leon's name has been transcribed as Mateon. The girls have lied about their ages or perhaps their ages (like their names) have been transcribed incorrectly. (The Census records available to us are transcriptions of original house-to-house information collected on the census day.)
I believe 'Annie Stewart' should really have been transcribed as 'Aimée Stewart' as that was was the pen-name that Emily Drewry was using at the time.
Violet is definitely the niece of Georgina and Emily (who must have been very interesting aunts.)
In the 1911 census at 250, Portsdown Road, Maida Vale:
|Ina Leon Cassilis||Head||Single||66||Dramatic, Author, Novelist||b. London, Kensington|
|Aimée Stewart||Sister||Single||62||Pianist, Novelist||b. London, Kensington|
|Anne Wallis||Servant||Single||58||General Servant Domestic||b. Essex, Braintree|
250, Portsdown Road, Maida Vale
By 1911, the four sisters all lived in the same house, with Cassilis as head of family in one flat, and Edith and Laurie each owning a flat (see electoral rolls).
The 1911 census has three separate entries for the sisters at 250 Portsdown Rd
Ina Cassilis, and Aimee Stewart;
In 1910, There is a Miss Drewry listed in the electoral roll at this address. This must be Edith. Miss Drewry is listed at the same Maida Vale address in a 1915 Kellys directory.
The electoral rolls also record a Laurie Lansfeldt at that address.
The electoral rolls were checked up to 1915 and show Edith and Laurie at Portsdown Road till then, but Cassilis and Stewart are not listed. Perhaps they were not eligible to vote in local elections. (This was before universal suffrage.)
In the 1921 census at 250, Portsdown Road, Maida Vale:
|Ina Leon Cassilis||Head||Single||76yrs 6mths||Novelist and Dramatist||b. London, Kensington|
|Aimée Stewart||Sister||Single||72yrs 6mths||Professional Pianist||b. London, Kensington|
In the Electoral Register of 1923 all four sisters are shown to be still living in 250 Portsdown Road.
The 'O's in the columns above show that all four women were eligible to vote in Parliamentary and Local Elections because of their 'Occupation'.
The Primrose League
Georgina was a member of The Primrose League.
"The Primrose League was set up to promote Conservative values through social events and supporting the community."
The Daily Telegraph reported on 16 December 2004: "this week saw a significant event for any observers of political history: after 121 years, the Primrose League was finally wound up."
The Wikipedia entry on suffrage says: "As women were able to join [the Primrose league], this gave females of all classes the ability to mix with local and national political figures. Many also had important roles such as bringing voters to the polls. This removed segregation and promoted political literacy amongst women."
From Thousands of Noras: Short Plays by Women, 1875-1920 by Sherry Engle and Susan Croft, Editors
"Besides Florence bell, Ina Leon Cassilis, and Harriet Childe-Pemberton also devoted monologues and duologues to particular eccentricities commonly associated with the New Woman: rational dress, smoking, and women's clubs. In Cassilis's 'Rational Dress' a newly married couple have their first fight over the wife's divided skirt, thick-soled boots, and deer-stalker hat." [Anna Farkas]
As well as writing plays, Georgina acted in them:
"Miss Ina Leon Cassilis , and Miss Bella Davis made the best they could out of their respective parts . The piece was preceded by a play by Ina Leon Cassilis , entitled Michael Dane's Grandson. " [ The Stage, Thursday 23 April, 1896. ]
In another play, ('Flowers of the Forest'?) "Miss Ina Leon Cassilis threw much spirit, force, and intensity into her rendering.. " (1887 )
Some of Georgina's writing
As Ina L. Drewry:
Henry Irving's 'Hamlet' - Ina L. Drewry Victoria Magazine, 24, 1875
Through deep Waters by Ina L. Drewry (Victoria Magazine, 26, 1876) - (The Story)
As Ina Leon Cassilis:
An Argument Against Lady Helps [Victoria Magazine, 1879] - (The Argument)
The Young Widower: Tale of the Western Shires 
The Mystery of Weeping Cross 
A Secret of Three lives 
The One He Loved Best 
A Loveless Sacrifice 
The Wreckers of Erna Doon 
M. Cadelle's Carpet Bag 
When the Floods are Out [?]
Society's Queen  - (Overview of the Story)
Strange Advertisement 
Raphael, Actress, 
Between Midnight and Dawn 
A Type-Writing Romance by Ina Leon Cassilis (illus. M. F. Sambourne)
Guilty without Crime 
Sinner or Victim 
Faith and Unfaith; Which Shall Win? 
A King of Shreds and Patches [?]
Count Ivan Dimitri 
A Psychological Problem 
The Third Passenger by the Night Mail 
The Gray Woman 
The Strange Event at Atherton 
Those Landladies  - Comedy, 1 Act. "Modern Costume. Time, 10 min. ... Isabel Morton receives a letter from her lover and comments upon it as she reads it. Mrs. Dobbs, the chattering landlady, keeps up a conversation all the time and imagines Isabel is answering her." [source]
A Superior Person  - duologue, "Modern Costume. Time, 15 min. ... A very humorous dialogue. A young wife, thinking she is not fit for household duties, resolves to have a housekeeper. Her mother-in-law recommends a superior person, who immediately commences to dictate to the wife to such an extent that she is informed that her services will not be required." [source]
The Wrong Door [April 20, 1890] - "Farcical comedy... This was written as an amusing satire on the Church, the Stage, and fourth estate, and the principal complications arise through mistakes being made in callers on the editors of journals of directly opposite interests, and a vivacious actress being mistaken for a sedate lady of the same name. " [source]
In Dire Need 
Infelice: The Mystery of an Uncompleted Life 
Prophetic Dream 
The Unfinished Story  - duologue
Largest Sale in the World 
The Light of Pengarth  - one-act play, "took its title from a beacon erected to warn fishermen off the rocks, but which is extinguished by Jesse Crannock because Minna refuses him and prefers Will Devenish. So Minna makes a bonfire of her furniture to warn and save her lover." [source]
Cheerful and musical [Samuel French, 1891] "1 Act. Modern Costume. Time, 20 min. 1...Mrs. Grahame advertises for a cheerful and musical companion, and a prim and mournful looking old maid arrives, totally unsuited for the situation. A most amusing scene then occurs." [source]
Hearts or Diamonds 
The Romance of the Weeping Cross 
Spirit Unto Spirit  - (Transcript)
A Noble Atonement, [drama, in four acts, 1892] (See review, below)
Vida  in Three Acts, by Ina Leon Cassilis and Charles Lander, Played (for the First Time in London) on Tuesday Afternoon, March 1st, 1892 (See review, below)
A Hidden Foe  A melodrama, in Four Acts
Counsel for the Defence 
Is She Guilty? 
At Bay  - "Drama in a Prologue and Four Acts, by Mr. Charles Lander and Miss Ina Leon Cassilis. Originally produced at Ladbroke Hall, 9th April 1888. Novelty. "
The Greatest Gambler in Europe 
Through the Snow 
For More Than Life 
A Noble Stratagem 
Cash for Coronets, by Ina Leon Cassilis and F. H. Morland. 
Dr Vyron 
Michael Dane's Grandson  - A One Act Play, Lyric, Hammersmith.
Veronica Mary  - (Transcript)
Two Christmas Eves 
A Scarlet Shadow 
Demon Darrell by Ina Cassilis and Frank H. Morland 
Glen Carleon's Wife  - South Wales Echo - (The Story)
A Cup of Cold Water 
The Mystery of Sheldon Bars 
Interviewed [Publ. by S. French, Ltd]
The Two Misses Ibbotson [A play in 2 acts, Fr., 1900]
The Perfect Knight[?]
My Lady's Kinsman [Pennsylvania Grit Story Companion, 1901]
For Another's Sin 
The Mystery of Hazel Danby 
Things That Matter 
Gladys Augusta and Sukey 
A Cheerful Companion [duologue, 1905]
A Sprig of Holly , 1905 
'Tater' : One of Thousands  - (Transcript)
A Knight of the Road  - a play, in four acts.
Xmas Dawn 
The Buccaneer's Bride 
Wilful Marjorie  in 'The Star'
A Happy Mistake 
Esmond’s Christmas Fairy 
A New Year's Gift 
Cheerful And Musical 
Mrs Henderson's Lie 
The Secret of Hexton Folly 
An Open Verdict 
Martyr Or Criminal?.  - published after Georgina's death
The Rift in the Lute [1926 ?]
Blind Justice  - published after GeorgIna's death
A Silent Siege [1930 ?]
Rational Dress [ ?] Publ. by S. French, Ltd
Love's Old Sweet Song [?] Publ. by S. French, Limited.
Two Misses Ibbetson [?] - A Comedy, 1 Act. "Modern Costume. Time, 15 min. ... Mrs. Aylward goes to live in the country, and is called on by the two Misses Ibbetson, who so overwhelm her with their gossip and scandal that she is glad to return to town again [source]
Georgina, as Ina, contributed to (amongst others):
Annie S. Swan's Penny Weekly Stories [Nos 27 - 52] 
The Girl's Realm Annual 
And some Reviews:
A Noble Atonement, [drama, in four acts, 1892]
"by Ina Leon Cassilis, is the best drama that the authoress has yet written.
The hero, Wilford Locksley, has led a profligate life, but has reformed, and is engaged to 'Marguerite Melville. The latter discovers a liaison that has existed in the past between him and Rosamond Verner, and he, knowing how unworthy he is of Marguerite, leads her to believe almost that it still exists. Rosamond is now married to a silly old fellow, Edward Smith, but this does not prevent her determination to regain her ascendency over Locksley.
Marguerite's father, Arthur Melville, is manager to Mr. Smith ; he has speculated wildly, and it is suggested to him by Rosamond that he shall stave off his difficulties by forging her husband's name, she promising Melville that he shall come to no harm. She hopes thus to get him in her power, and so force him to refuse his consent to a marriage between Locksley and Marguerite, who still clings to him. Melville does forge, and gets Joe Snedger, an humble hanger-on of Locksley's, to cash the draft.
The forgery is discovered, and Locksley, who knows the culprit, to save Marguerite's father, makes the 'noble atonement' for his past evil life by tacitly accepting the onus of the crime. Marguerite discovers the truth and wins her lover, who silences Rosamond by threatening to disclose the secret of her vicious life to her unsuspecting husband.
Mr. Charles Lander played Locksley with considerable earnestness of feeling. Miss Lesley Bell's Rosamond Verner was an excellent performance. Miss Leila Rivers was clever as a 'slavey', Dabbs. Miss Annie Cathew was sympathetic as Marguerite, and Mr. D. G. English did well as a dissipated, roue sort of character, Dolly Marchmont."
Vida, [drama in three acts, by Ina Leon Cassilis and Charles Lander, 1892]
"There is little occasion to dwell upon 'Vida', a society drama (produced at the Prince of Wales's Theatre on Tuesday, March 1st), by Ina Leon Cassilis and Charles Lander, which will probably be acceptable to provincial audiences, though of too old material to suit a London programme.
It is merely the history of a Neapolitan adventuress who ensnares a young baronet into a promise which he would probably fulfil, but that he discovers her past and her liaison with a gambler. The two men fight, and the baronet imagines he has killed his rival. Sir Wilford Falconer returns to England, and becomes engaged to an English girl, Muriel Vernon. The adventuress Vida, under the name of Miss Lorrimore, becomes a guest ot Lady Falconer, the baronet's mother, and threatens to accuse Sir Wilford of the murder of St. Var unless she becomes Lady Falconer.
As might be expected in a play of this sort, St. Var reappears, and he has a quarrel with Vida. Falconer comes on the scene, and St. Var draws a pistol, and, whether intentionally or by accident, kills Vida, who dies in the baronet's arms.
Mr. Frank K. Cooper and Miss Lingard as the baronet and Vida respectively exerted themselves to the utmost, and it was not their fault that the play could not be reckoned a success. Monsieur Leon Roche exhibited some strength as St. Var; Miss Lilian Kingston was a sympathetic Muriel Vernon ; and Miss Clarice Shirley was a delightful ingenue as Evelyn Harley."
The Probate confirms that Georgina was Ina Leon Cassilis
Birth: Dec 1844, Kensington, 3, 295
Death: Dec 1924, Paddington, 1a, 3