Charles Stewart Drewry Laurentia Buschman William Tillotson Drewry Charles Stewart Drewry Edith Stewart Drewry Margaretta Elizabeth Main Julia Fava Wood Georgina Drewry Laurentia Drewry Emily Drewry Charles Stewart Drewry Maude Stewart Drewry Annie Isabel Drewry William C. F. Drewry James Sidney Drewry Vincent Harold Drewry Julia Theresa Drewry Alfred F. Vere Drewry Mini tree diagram

Charles Stewart Drewry

Charles, 1925

1842 - 1929

Life History

7 Dec 1842

Born in Notting Hill.

21 Apr 1843

Baptised in Paddington.

16th Jan 1875

Married Margaretta Elizabeth Main in South Horsham, Southampton.

4th Sep 1876

Birth of son Charles Stewart Drewry in 9, Upper Road, Plaistow.

1876

Death of Margaretta Elizabeth Main in Essex.

11th Feb 1878

Married Julia Fava Wood in Marston, West Ham.

1878

Birth of daughter Maude Stewart Drewry.

1880

Birth of daughter Annie I. Drewry in London, Clapton.

1881

Birth of son William C. F. Drewry.

1882

Birth of son James Sidney Drewry in London, Clapton.

1884

Birth of son Vincent H. Drewry in London Walworth Rd.

1886

Birth of daughter Julia T. Drewry.

16th Jan 1888

Birth of son Alfred F. Vere Drewry in Finsbury Park.

23rd March 1929

Died in Richmond.

27th March 1929

Buried in East Sheen Cemetery.

Charles and Julia, 1925

Notes

Charles's Baptism (& birth) Record

In 1872

Charles, aged 30, was 2nd engineer on board the 'Baroda' travelling from the Port of Galle, carrying mail and passengers to Australia.

In February, 1872, the Baroda arrives at Adelaide in New South Wales.
1873. The Baroda is in quarantine in Sydney harbour because of a smallpox epidemic. Read more

"The run-down Quarantine Station had become unsuitable for passenger quarantine, and particularly for first and second class passenger accommodation .. The passengers were kept aboard the ship, because the station could not adequately house them. The inadequacy was .. publicised during the quarantine of the Baroda in 1873, when first class passengers had to do their own washing.

"Well-connected passengers ensured that government attention was focussed on the shortcomings of the Station accommodation. As result, a new group of First Class accommodation buildings were built in the Healthy Ground."
[ North Head Quarantine Station]

1875, 1st quarter [S Stoneham, 2c 91]

CSD_jnr_birth_announcment1876.jpg Charles married Margaretta Elizabeth Main, in Southampton. (Perhaps his ship was in dock there?).

Charles's address in the marriage certificate is given as Harrow Road, Paddington, and Margaretta's as South Horsham.

The marriage was witnessed by Elizabeth Greaves ,Charles Greaves , and William Tillotson Drewry.

1876

Charles and Margaretta's son, Charles Stewart Drewry, is born in September, 1876. Margaretta died within 3 months of the birth.

The birth announcement tells us that Charles, is a member of the crew of a new ship: the P&O ship the SS Nepaul.

A passenger on the SS. Nepaul, C. R Williams, composed 'Letters written during a trip to southern India & Ceylon in the winter of 1876-1877')
The first part of that journey was on the ship on which Charles was engineer. Read more

SSnepaul.jpg

"The vessel is a fine one - 3600 tons – iron– new this year – 600 horse-power - 355 feet long – 40 feet beam – flush deck from end to end, which gives it the appearance of great length. The crew is composed of seven English quarter-masters and 43 lascar seamen, six English engineers, 30 firemen (Mussulmans), and fifteen Sidi men or negroes for coal shifters. It really is extraordinary that the responsible government of this huge and complicated ship should practically be in the hands of thirteen Englishmen only, independently of the officers."

" ... [The purser] says that this is a fairly average passage; only twice in his experience of 50 voyages has he had it smooth: once he was caught in the P.&O. SS Zambeesi in a gale off Cape Finisterre - she went through it, but the La Plata of the same size turned to run before the wind, and a huge sea fell on her poop and literally crushed her down to the bottom. Two other large steamers foundered in the same gale. I can quite imagine it from the enormous size and violence and velocity of the waves I have myself now witnessed."

" ... (Aden) .. On our return to the ship we found her discharging bales of Manchester piece goods and taking in bags of gum and elephants tusks."

The SS Nepaul ran aground in 1890, near Plymouth, when she was homeward bound from Calcutta to London - but this was some time after Charles had left the ship.

1878, first quarter [West Ham, 4a 42]

Charles' married Julia Fava Wood (Mary Drewry said that when Charles married Julia, she made him leave the sea.)

The marriage was witnessed by Mary Fava Wood, Julia's sister, and William Tillotson Drewry, Charles's brother.

In the marriage certificate, Charles is described as a widower; profession: Engineer. At the time of the marriage, Charles and Julia are both living in Plaistow.

In the 1881 census: the family is living at 14, London Rd.
The members of the household are:

Charles S Drewry38Surgical Appliance Manufacturerb. London
Julia F Drewry29b. Scotland Edinboro.
Charles S Drewry4b. Essex, Plaistow
Maud My. S Drewry2b. Essex, Plaistow
Annie Drewry8 mthsb. Middlesex, Clapton
Mary F. Wood24unmarried, Sister-in-lawb. Scotland Edinboro.
Annie E. Wood21unmarried, Sister-in-lawb. Scotland Edinboro.
Jane Russell32married, General Servant b. London

It would appear that Charles has joined his wife's family business. (see e.g. Vincent Fava Wood). In Charles and Julia's marriage certificate, Julia's father, James, is described as a 'Surgical Hosier'.

In October, 1881, recorded in the birth certificate of their son William C. F., they are living at 11, Glenarm Road, Hackney. In William's certificate, Charles' occupation is again shown as 'Surgical instrument maker'.

In 1883, the family is living at 184, Walworth Road.
On May 6th that year three of the children, Annie I., William C. F., and James S. are baptised in St. John's Walworth.
Again, the baptism records show their father as a 'Surgical instrument maker'

The Land Tax record, on the right, lists the property in Walworth Road as 'House & Shop'.
Walworth Road runs south from the Elephant and Castle, in London, becoming Camberwell Road and eventually Herne Hill. 184 has been redeveloped and is now The Consultation Hub, part of Southwark Council.

The 1883, 1884 and 1885 Electoral Registers have property for Charles at 11 Glenarm Rd and 29 Paternoster Square - perhaps another shop and a warehouse/manufactory.

In July, 1886, Charles and Julia's daughter Julia Theresa is born. Her birth certificate shows that they are living at Birchwood Hill, Chigwell. Charles' occupastion is 'Engineer'

In 1890, according to the school registration of Maude and Annie Isabel, the family is living at 232, Barry Road, less than 4 miles south of Walworth Road.

In the 1891 census: the family is living at 1 Market Place, in the Camberwell parish. Charles describes himself as a mechanical engineer.

The members of the household are:

Charles S Drewry49Mechanical Engineer
Julia F Drewry41b. Scotland Edinboro.
Charles S Drewry14Shop boyb. Essex, Plaistow
Maud M Drewry12Scholarb. Essex, Plaistow
Annie I Drewry10Scholarb. Middlesex, Bow
William C Drewry9Scholarb. Middlesex, Clapton
James S Drewry8Scholarb. Middlesex, Clapton
Harold V Drewry7b. London, Walworth
Julia T Drewry4b. Essex, Buckhurst Hill
Alfred V Drewry3b. Hornsey

1891 - a patented sprung bicycle wheel

BicyclePatent_sm In 1891 Charles placed an advert in the Cycling magazine (24th January, 1891) advertising a patented sprung bicycle wheel. (This was the age of the 'boneshaker' safety bicycle. The first 'safety' bicycle using this size of wheel had been invented only five years before.) The wheel could be viewed at the 'Stanley Show' organised by the Stanley Cycling Club. ("Britain's first series production cars were displayed at this show in November, 1896." - Wikipedia)

Vinwood_cycles2_sm In a second, similar advert in the Cycling magazine (21st March, 1891) Charles offers the patent for sale.
In the January advertisement, Charles' contact address is given as 142, Barry Road, Dulwich.
In the March advert the address is East Dulwich Cycle Works, 1, Market Place, Underhill Road.

In 1891 a Velodrome was built at Herne Hill, in south London. It was a major, if not the major cycling track in London.

Three years later, in 1894, Charles is the manager of his brother-in-law Vincent Wood's bicycle manufactory in Herne Hill. The article, on the right, observes that "the position should prove a good one"!

In January 1894, the school record of William, James and Vincent shows the family address as 105, Milkwood Road (near Herne Hill).

April, 1896: when Alfred F V Drewry was baptised, the family address was 55, Deronda Road (near Tulse Hill and Dulwich).

1896: The Electoral Register lists Charles Drewry with a house at 131A, Shakespeare Road, in the Tulse Hill Ward.

1898: The Electoral Register has Charles S Drewry in Underhill Road, 1, Market Place. (As in the contact address in the Cycling March, 1891 advert - see above.)

Family_1902_sm 1900: The Electoral Register has Charles Stewart Drewry at 303, Milkwood Road, Tulse Hill District.

(In 1900, the Herne Hill Cycle Works were located in three railway arches at 286-290 Milkwood Road - see below).

In the 1901 census, the family is living at 34, Kestrel Avenue, Lambeth
and the family comprises:

Charles S Drewry58Mechanical Engineer
Julia F Drewry52
James S Drewry18Mechanical Engineer
Vincent H Drewry17Shorthand Clerk [Harold V. in previous]
Julia T Drewry14 Scholar
Alfred V F Drewry13 Scholarb. Finsbury Park, Lambeth
Jessie M Wood11 niece of Juliab. London, Lambeth
Teresa J Wood13 niece of Juliab. London, Lambeth

1904: The Electoral Register has Charles Drewry still at 34, Kestrel Avenue, Lambeth

In November 1906 the Drewry Car Co is registered and moves to Teddington. (In an interesting. coincidence, in 1801, a 'Mr Drewry of Teddington' was mentioned in an advertisement - quite possibly Samuel, Charles' grandfather.)

charles_Julia_1906_sm In 1909, James Sidney (aged 27) and Harold Vincent (aged 25) are paying a rent of 15 shillings each per week, as 'lodgers', living with their parents in Stanley Lodge, Stanley Road, Teddington. [Stanley Road still exists, but I cannot find a 'Stanley Lodge' - though there is a 'Teddington Lodge' at number 66.]

1909: The Electoral Registers have Charles Stuart Drewry at 26, Stanley Road, Teddington.

Vincent married later that year, and James the following year, setting up their own homes. By 1911, the rest of the family had moved to Kew Gardens.

signature In the 1911 Census - 30, Lawn Crescent, Kew Gardens

Charles Stewart DrewryHead68Mechanical Engineer, own account, at home
Julia Fava DrewryWife62married 33 yrs b. Edinboro' NB
Maude Stewartdaughter32Actressb. Plaistow Middlesex
Julia Teresa Drewrydaughter24 L.C.C. teacherb. Buckhurst Hill Essex
Alfred Frederick Vere Drewryson23 Buyer in Motor body factory

1914: In his son, Alfred's wedding certificate, Charles is described as 'Retired Engineer'. He would be 71 then.

In the 1928 anniversary picture (right) Charles would be 85.

Herne Hill Cycle Works - Drewry & Sons

Vinwood_cycles_1894_sm "Vincent Wood, maker of surgical hosiery , &c., of 3 St . Andrew ' s Street, W. C., has gone into the manufacture of bicycles at his engineering-works at Herne Hill."
[The Chemist and Druggist December 15 , 1894, in 'Trade Notes']

Interesting to note that this implies that Vincent already had an engineering-works in Herne Hill.

Vincent Wood is Charles' brother-in-law and according to an advert in The Chemist and Druggist September 8 , 1894, "The Largest Maker In The World" of surgical appliances.

Vinwood_cycle_sm200 By December, 1894, the Herne Hill Cycle & Engineering Works is producing the Vinwood, a modern looking bicycle.

According to the advert on the left, they have offices in Holborn Circus, London and 'Steam Works' in three other places. (Vincent's factories and offices?)

The article on the right describes the Vinwood as a well designed, light bike and notes that the company also offer tandems and other heavier 'roadsters'. (The year previously Vincent was advertising the 'Vinwood Bath Glove'.)

Vinwood_cycle_second_hand_sm

 
By 1894, The Herne Hill Velodrome, established in 1891 had taken over from nearby Crystal Palace as the leading cycling race track.

1895: Vincent Wood is vice-president of the Herne Hill Cycling Club and Charles is a member of the committee.

1896: In a letter to a newspaper (left) Charles describes himself as 'Manager, Herne Hill Cycle Works'.

1901: Kelly's Directory, Volume 34, (Pt 1 Southern) lists: " Drewry Charles Stewart & Sons, cycle makers, Railway Arches, Milkwood Road, Herne Hill, SE"'.

Also 1901, Gas World, Vol. 2, (snippet view) has: "Gas Governor - 3070. Charles Stewart Drewry, Herne Hill Cycle and Motor Works, Herne Hill, London"'.

From The Railway Products of Baguley-Drewry Ltd. by Allen Civil and Roy Etherington (C&E)

"The Drewry & Sons 'works' was located in three railway arches at 286-290 Milkwood Road, beneath the south end of Herne Hill railway station. The arches remain there to this day. This site was known as Herne Hill Cycle Works in 1900 and was then occupied by H D Coventry & Co. The first recorded appearance (in a 1902 trade directory) of the Drewy name at this address, lists Charles Stewart Drewry & Sons as cycle makers, whilst corresponding entries for 1905 and 1906 show Drewry & Sons as motor engineers."

We have found no record anywhere else of 'H D Coventry & Co.' Indeed we have confirmed (see above) that Charles Drewry and Vincent Wood's cycle works had been at Herne Hill since at least 1894.

From Motor Sport magazine (1977)

In a long letter about 'The Ryknield' motor company, Rodney Weaver notes that:

"Drewry & Sons, originally a family cycle-repair business, became one of London’s earliest garages, by adding motor repairs to their repertoire somewhere around 1900. Their premises were in Herne Hill, and it was here that the first Drewry railcars were put together in 1903 -1905. So popular did these become – by 1906 they had been exported to South America, South Africa, India, Australia and even Hawaii – that a separate firm was set up to take over the business."

Weaver's initial discussion was about Ernest Baguley who worked at Ryknield as chassis designer and chief engineer

"before moving to BSA to become manager of the new BSA Motor Division. ... No sooner had he joined BSA than he found himself designing railway equipment again, for the Motor Division took on the manufacture of petrol-railcars for the Drewry Car Company of London. Their choice of subcontractor may have been influenced by Baguley’s appointment and his dual background of automobile and railway engineering."

CSD_1905.jpg. CSD_1906.jpg. CSD_1906_b.jpg. CSD_1906_c.jpg.

Drewry & Sons - The Drewry Car Co.

In 1902, James Drewry (right) took his first motorized rail inspection Trolley to Africa. One suspects that enough interest was shown in it to persuade Charles that Drewry & Sons should be in the railcar business.

The Wikipedia entry for the Drewry Car Co. says:

"Drewry & Sons ran a motor and cycle repair business in Herne Hill, London, and started building BSA engined inspection railcars. A ready market was found in South America, Africa, and India. Drewry Car Co Ltd was registered on 27 November 1906. In 1908 BSA (of motor-cycle fame) took over building the railcars at Small Heath, Birmingham."

The 'sons' in Drewry & Sons were minimally James and Alfred. Although Alfred does not appear to have been officially connected with the Drewry Car Co. One suspects that various members of the family were involved at different times.

For example, in 1908, William Drewry "was awarded a bonus of £20 in consideration of the 'good results obtained from the cars running on the Leopoldine Railway'" (C&E p.24)


1910

1908

1908

In 1928, Vincent Drewry, as a 'Railway Officer', visited Argentina.

The pictures on the right show 1908, Teddington, and 1910, BSA, railcars in production.

'A Catalogue of the Papers of the Birmingham Small Arms Company Limited' in www.warwick.ac.uk: MSS.19A/1/2/4 (Dec 1908) mentions an "order for manufacture of 10 Drewry railcars".

Newspaper article The Wikipedia entry for the Drewry Car Co. continues:

"In 1911 building was taken over by Baguley Cars Ltd, Burton-on-Trent. From 1930 a lot of Drewry locomotives were built by English Electric companies."
However, there is also the following statement which is to say the least rather curious:

"In 1962 Drewry acquired a controlling interest in what had become E E Baguley Ltd, and formed Baguley-Drewry Ltd in 1987, thus once again building its own locomotives, in Burton-on-Trent. The company closed in 1984."
(The '1987' could be a typo, an '8' instead of a '6', but given that James Drewry died in 1952, who was the Drewry who took over E E Baguley?)

The Drewry Car Co. in Civil and Etherington (C&E)

Trolley C&E (p.24) report that: "The Drewry Car Co Ltd. was registered on 27th November 1906 with its office at River Plate House, 13 South Place, London EC. " This address was also the headquarters of a number of British owned Argentinian railway companies and of Arthur G Evans & Co Ltd. Evans & Co were the London arm of import agents based in Buenos Aires.

"It was the prospect of supplying more Drewry railcars to [the South American] market that induced Arthur G Evans & Co to take a major financial interest in the new company."

The directors of the new company were Charles Drewry (Chairman), James Drewry, and Guy Evans (partner in Arthur G Evans & Co).

At the first board meeting in December 1906 "it was resolved to 'purchase and acquire the business of manufacturers of railway-motor cars heretofore carried on by the firm of Drewry & Sons at Herne Hill, but now intended to be carried on at (59) Somerset Road, Teddington.

The Drewrys were each allotted 250 paid up £1 shares in the new company .. A further 500 shares were allotted to Guy Evans [and his partners]. .. Arthur G Evans & Co was appointed sole agent throughout the world for the sale of railway motor cars and other products."

All did not go well at Teddington (too small, too costly) and in 1908 the Birmingham Small Arms Co Ltd (BSA) agreed to manufacture the railcars. "It also agreed to take over the stock, modern machine tools and usable plant at Teddington .. and further agreed to employ J S Drewry as a designer for a minimum six months. As a result of this he left the Drewry board and is not heard of again in a Drewry Car Co context." (C&E p.24)


 
See A DREWRY CAR CO GALLERY

BSA and Baguley

Unfortunately, while business was growing steadily, BSA were not making any money out of manufacturing Drewry cars. In March 1910, Ernest E Baguley Manager of BSA's Motor division suggested to the BSA board that they should ask Drewry to find another manufacturer for their vehicles. When the board eventually did so in September, 1911, the Drewry board had already found a new manufacturer and the agreement with BSA was terminated in December of that year.

Interestingly, the new manufacturer was Baguley Cars Ltd of Burton-on-Trent, set up by Ernest E Baguley. BSA had 'dispensed with his services' towards the end of 1910, and Ernest had seen that with financial backing he could create a company that could bid for Drewry work.

Baguley-Drewry Ltd.

The Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent Archive Service have some of the records of 'Baguley-Drewry Ltd., of Uxbridge Street, Burton-on-Trent, Staffordshire'.

They describe the company as follows:

"Baguley Cars was founded in 1902, developing from the earlier Burton railway engineering firm of Thornewill and Warham. In 1911 the firm began the concentration of railcar and locomotive construction but in 1931 Baguley (Engineers) Ltd. failed. A new firm, E. E. Baguley Ltd., was founded in 1933 to continue the work of the earlier firm and this later became Baguley-Drewry Ltd.

Most of the early output of the firm was under the Drewry (headquarters at River Place House, London E.C.2) name and the variable link with Drewry is frequently confusing, as many "Drewry of London" vehicles were actually built at Baguleys in Burton."

About the production they say:

"All Baguley/Baguley-Drewry/Drewry products were referred to as 'cars', irrespective of whether they were petrol/diesel railcars, petrol/diesel/steam/electric locomotives, or railway rolling stock.
Much of the Company's production was for Overseas markets - narrow gauge locomotives became a particularly speciality. Many of the products were highly individualistic (many ornate inspection saloons for Oriental railways, for instance) and often of highly archaic appearance."

The following are a few examples of the many records in the National Archives:


  • 10 ton platform truck supplied to Ministry of Munitions
  • 4 h.p. rail car (literally a car on rails) for the war office
  • No.902 20h.p. 0-4-0 supplied to war office for Le Havre
  • No.681 10 h.p. 2ft. gauge supplied to Assam Tea Gardens
  • No.684 10 h.p. 60 cm. gauge 0-4-0 for War Office Trench Warfare Department
  • No.698 20 h.p. metre gauge loco supplied to French Government's Bourges Arsenal
  • South India Railway: cars No s1324-1325 for Nilgiri Mountain Railway
  • Car No.1326 for Barbados Government Railway
  • Tasmanian Government Railways - 75 h.p. chassis Nos. 1498-1500
  • Cars Nos. 1543-1544 for Fayoum Light Railway, Egypt
  • Saloon car No.2048 for Burma Railways
  • 102 h.p. 0-4-0 loco. No.2128 for Calcutta Electric Supply Co.
  • 6 wheel petrol railcar "Panghai, Namtu" (?China)
  • and many, many more.

Drewry Car Co. plate from an engine 'Ask Jeeves' discussing the Baguley-Drewry company state:

"Drewry Car Co, strictly speaking, was a railway locomotive and railcar sales organisation for most of its life. Only at the start and the end of its life did it build its own products, relying on sub-contractors for the rest of its time. ..."

"Drewry & Sons ran a motor and cycle repair business in Herne Hill, London, and started building BSA engined inspection railcars. A ready market was found in South America, Africa, and India. Drewry Car Co Ltd was registered on 27 November 1906. In 1908 BSA (of motor-cycle fame) took over building the railcars at Small Heath, Birmingham.

In 1911 building was taken over by Baguley Cars Ltd, Burton-on-Trent. From 1930 a lot of Drewry locomotives were built by English Electric companies.

In 1962 Drewry acquired a controlling interest in what had become E E Baguley Ltd, and formed Baguley-Drewry Ltd in 1987, thus once again building its own locomotives, in Burton-on-Trent. The company closed in 1984."

The above is very curious. Which Drewry "acquired a controlling interest" in 1962?

William Jefferson Wakley

The book The First Tank Crews has a biography of Lieutenant Jefferson Wakley. It includes the statement that "After the [first world] war he was the proprietor of the Drewry Railcar Coy".

The Journal of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers, Volume 21 / 1931 reports a meeting in London in February, 1931, of the the Institution of Locomotive Engineers. William Jefferson Wakley, Drewry Car Co., Ltd, 13, South Place, London EC2, is listed as a member.

First World War

(See also James Drewry)

A Plate found in Russia

This plate is solid steel, 9cm. x 25cm. (3.5"x10") and about a centimetre thick - and heavy!

AUTOMOBILES DREWRY
SOCIETE ANONYME HELWIG
SQUARE DELAMBRE
PARIS

S A Helwig: in 'The Railway Products of Baguley-Drewry Ltd' (which lists all known orders).

There are several references to vehicles 'ordered by' or 'sold to' S A Helwig and the French Government.

DateNo of cars/trailers Order detailsBaguley No
21/11/141'sold to S A Helwig (French Government)'375
26/10/141'ordered by S A Helwig for French Government Railway School Versailles'560
29/1/153 'ordered by French Government for Military Railway'616/618
10/1/175 'ordered by French Commission for French Government Railway School Versailles'941/945
13/12/184'ordered by Eastern Railway of France, Paris'1072/1075

Interestingly, the Russian chassis for armoured railcars were similar to some of those ordered by Helwig. They were Type 2w-2PMR, B Body (although presumably there was no body as they were chassis), 20 hp Baguley 4 cylinder engine.
[Are the armoured railcars similar to those sent to Mesopotamia? - See James Drewry's page.]

Note that it is possible that there may be other orders by SA Helwig, not mentioned in 'The Railway Products of Baguley-Drewry Ltd'.

1, Square Delambre still exists in Paris

The plate was found on the Vanyukov merchants estate in an agricultural area, where there had been stables and warehouses. There is a village, Lemenka, 1.5 km away, with a railway station on the line from St. Petersburg.

The estate is in the Novgorod region, about 220 kilometers south of St. Petersburg. (Coordinates: 57.979100, 30.130629.) After the revolution of 1917 the property was taken over by the state and became a warehouse and repair area for agricultural machinery. In the second world war it was occupied by the German invaders who gained control of the large air base nearby at Dno in July 1941. When they retreated in 1944, the Wehrmacht troops destroyed the estate and the air base complex.

Sergei, who found the plate, suggests that it came from some trailer or railway carriage that was recycled in the repair facility. Or perhaps the car worked until World War II and was blown up by German (or Allied) bombs. Perhaps it was damaged in the German destruction of the estate. It is certainly severely buckled by some extreme force.

Sergei also suggested "a third fantastic, but interesting option - that the plate was removed from the car which took the Emperor Nicholay II to the station Dno." - carrying the Tsar and his family to imprisonment and death in Tobolsk in Western Siberia. The souvenir was then damaged in the War.

Other Orders in the First World War

The first two years of the first world war were not too busy for the Drewry Car Co, but in 1916, business started to get better with orders from the French and British governments.

One order from the British on behalf of the Russian government was for 20 armoured rail car chassis. These were being delivered in 1917 when the Revolution started.

C&E (p.29) point out that for some time there was uncertainty about who would settle the account.

"Someone paid up the following year (1918), but whether it was the Russians or the British government is not recorded. "
(See also Vincent Drewry)

StatfoldBarnRailway.jpg

In the Statfold Barn Railway Web site.

A restored Drewry inspection railcar. A "10HP petrol-engined railcar was built by Baguley of Burton-on-Trent, on behalf of the Drewry Car Co. Ltd, as one of a batch of 20 ordered in December 1918 for the French Government Railway School (Ecole Chemin de Fer) at Versailles near Paris.

It is representative of several batches of such vehicles supplied to the French Government and the Eastern Railway of France during and immediately after the First World War. It is designed for bi-directional use, with tram-style flip-back seats and removable throttle and gear levers that can be inserted into slots in the floor at either end of the vehicle. Lifting poles were provided to enable the crew to lift the 1¼ ton vehicle clear of the track if the need arose. A simple flatbed trailer was originally supplied with the railcar ... "

1921 Census

In the 1921 Census, living at 120 Castlenau, Barnes, London

Drewry, Charles StewartHead78yrs 6mthsMMarriedEngineer (retired)b. london
Drewry, Julia FavaWife72yrs 4mthsFMarriedHome duties b. Edinboro'
Drewry, Julia TeresaDaughter34yrs 11mthsFSingleSchool teacher, County Council, Southfields b. Buckhurst Hill, Essex
Howard, BertramBoarder30yrs 9mthsMSingleBank Clerk b. Brixton, Surrey
Howard, Joan EdithBoarder22yrs 6mthsFSingleTemporary Government Clerk b. Kent
de Nevers, VictorBoarder32yrs 4mthsMMarriedRubber Merchant b. London
de Nevers, LadaBoarder24yrs 7mthsFMarriedHome duties b. Ilford, Essex

Death of Charles

C&E (p.31) state that:

"Mr C S Drewry, the founder and last member of the family to serve on the board of directors died on 23rd March 1929 whilst still in office. He had been prevented by ill health from attending meetings for some two years "

From FreeBMD

Death: Mar 1929, Drewry, Charles Stewart, Richmond S. 2a 1202

Burial

Charles's burial is recorded as 27/03/1929 in Richmond's East Sheen Cemetery, section F plot/grave 54. It is unmarked.
The unmarked grave beside it, grave 53 is that of Charles's son-in-law, Fred Knight.
(See photo and burial entry in Julia's page.)

Probate

Charles Stewart Drewry - Probate

South America

The two pictures on the right show BSA 20hp Rail cars used by the Central Uruguay Railway and the Salvador Railway Company.

 

The adverts on the left claim that the Drewry Car Co supplies "Over Ninety Railways in South America Alone".

 

People: Harold Jennings Kitchen (from Bermuda Railway Pages)

"If I had to choose one name synonymous with the Bermuda Railway, it would have to be that of the line's Chief Engineer, Harold Jennings Kitchen, whose job description seems to have been 'keep the damn thing running.'"

"Harold Kitchen's earlier railway experience had been on mining and other railways in South America. In the 1920s he worked as a design engineer for the Drewry Car Company, in England, which was responsible for the design and manufacture of the rolling stock for the Bermuda Railway. Kitchen himself designed the gearbox used on the Bermuda Railway power cars."

" With the Railway under construction, in the late 1920s, Kitchen came to Bermuda, probably to represent the Drewry Car Co. ...."

Also found in FreeBMD curiously:

Marriage: Dec 1879, Drewry, Margaret Elizabeth, Lambeth, 1d 668

This Margaret Elizabeth, marrying George Trill, in the presence of John Darwin Smith and Emma Drewry, was born Margaret Elizabeth Smith, about 1822.
The marriage certificate shows her as a widow, almost certainly of George Drewry whom she married in Lambeth in 1845 (GRO: Sep 1845, 4, 332).