Charles Stewart Drewry William Tillotson Drewry Charles Stewart Drewry Edith Stewart Drewry Charles Stewart Drewry Laurentia Drewry Emily Drewry Laurentia Buschman Mini tree diagram

Georgina Drewry

24th Nov 1844 - 16th Oct 1924

Georgina Drewry Baptism

Life History

24th Nov 1844

Born in London, Middlesex.

28th May 1845

Baptised in Paddington.

16th Oct 1924

Died in Paddington.


Georgina appears in the 1851, '61, '71, and '81 censuses, living with her parents.

In the 1871 census, Georgina is 26, Reader at Newspaper Office;
in the 1881 census, still with her parents, she is 36, and a 'Novelist & Press Writer, Author Corrector Of Press', unmarried and living at 1 Westbury Terrace.
It is possible that she could have been working with/for her brother William Tillotson who in that census describes himself as 'General Printer'.

Georgina and her Sisters - a pre-Bloomsbury Set

Initially, after the 1881 census we could not find Georgina (or any of her sisters - other than Edith) in any censuses. Then we found the 1901 census data - see below.) Malcolm was then able to find the following 1891 census records that had been transcribed incorrectly

In the 1891 census in 96 Gower St, St. Pancras. (A 'Wallen' family also share this address)

Ida S CarrelisHead32Author, Dramatist, JournalistKensington, London
Anne StuartVisitor26Professional PianistKensington, London
Catherine S McEnnisServant40HousekeeperDublin, Ireland

The above and following information about Georgina and her sisters came to light through questions raised, and information provided by John Herrington.

The initial question was about Violet Drewry (daughter of William T. Drewry) who appears
in the 1901 census as niece to an Annie Stewart (and Ina Leon Cassilis) at 29 & 30 Great Queen Street, Bloomsbury:

1901 census

Annie StewartHeadSingle36 Professor of Music (Author)b. Kensington, London
Mateon CassilisSisterSingle38Novelist, Dramatist, Journalistb. Kensington, London
Violet M M DrewryNieceSingle14Brixton, London
Gibbs, ElizabethServantSingle32Domestic ServantSwindon, Wiltshire

In the 1901 census Ina Leon's has been transcribed as Mateon. The girls have lied about their ages or more like their ages (like the names) have been transcribed incorrectly. (The Census records we see are transcriptions of original house-to-house information collected on the census day.)
I believe Annie Stewart should really have been transcribed as Aimée Stewart and that this was the name that Emily Drewry was using at the time.
Violet is definitely the niece of Georgina and Emily - who must have been very interesting aunts.

In the 1911 census at 250, Portsdown Road, Maida Vale:

Ina Leon Cassilis HeadSingle66Dramatic, Author, Novelistb. London, Kensington
Aimée StewartSisterSingle62Pianist, Novelistb. London, Kensington
Anne WallisServantSingle58General Servant Domesticb. Essex, Braintree

1911 census

I believe that:

'Annie Stewart' in 1901 is 'Aimee Stewart' in 1911;
Annie/Aimee Stewart is the pen-name of Emily Drewry.
(In the 1881 census Emily is: Amy Drewry, 32, Pianist Professor Of Music);
Ina Leon Cassilis is the pen name of Georgina Drewry.

Then Emily and Georgina are Violet's aunts.

There are a number of facts that support the above interpretation of the two censuses:

The Victoria Magazine (published from 1863 to 1880)

In Poole's index to periodical literature" there is: 'Through deep Waters' by I. L. Drewry (Victoria Magazine 26, 34-471 and 27, 3-483).

There are also:
      E S Drewry, 'Almost wrecked' (Victoria 24, 209-476 and 25, 569-761)
      L M Drewry, 'Leigh Mutiny' (Victoria 25, 889-? and 26, 34-471)

Other references

Another Reference to I. L. Drewry is in Shakespeare in the Victorian Periodicals By Kathryn Prince.
And another to Drewry, Ina L. in German in Gericke, R. Shakespeare Auffiihrungen in Dresden.

One of the works listed for Ina Leon Cassilis is a 1891 typescript of a one-act written for and performed at the Opera Comique in Paris. This could explain why Ina is not on 1891 census. (I have not found Annie/Aimee in the 1891 census either, so perhaps she accompanied Georgina to Paris).

250, Portsdown Road, Maida Vale

The census address for Aimee Stewart and Ina Cassilis in 1911 is 250 Portsdown Road Maida Vale West.
There is a Miss Drewry listed in the electoral roll at this address in 1910.
A Miss Drewry is listed at the same Maida Vale address in a 1915 Kellys directory.

Edith's signature in the 1911 censusThe curious thing is that the 'Miss Drewry' who is listed at that Address is almost certainly Edith Stewart Drewry, who is recorded there in the 1911 census. The electoral rolls also record a Laurie Lansfeldt at that address and the 1911 census show Miss Lansfeldt in a separate entry at Portsdown Road. Laurie is shown as 'author and journalist', b. Kensington 1847.


Laurentia M Drewry (b. Kensington, 1847) does not appear on the 1911 census and it seems very likely that Laurie Lansfeldt is Laurentia; that laurentia has followed her sisters in adopting her pen-name as her official name.

The 1911 census has three separate entries for 250 Portsdown Rd - Ina Cassilis, and Aimee Stewart; Edith Drewry; and Laurie Lansfeldt with Cassilis, Edith and Laurie all appearing to be a head of household! It looks like the the four sisters are living in the same house, with Georgina and Amy/Emily sharing one flat and the other two in separate flats.

The electoral rolls were checked up to 1915 and show Edith and Laurie at Portsdown Road till then, but Cassilis and Stewart are not listed. Perhaps they were not eligible to vote in local elections. (This was before universal suffrage.)

In the Electoral Register of 1923 all four sisters are shown to be still living in 250 Portsdown Road.


The 'O's in the columns above show that all four women were eligible to vote in Parliamentary and Local Elections because of their 'Occupation'.

Ina_Leon_Cassilis_Primrose_League.jpgThe Primrose League

Georgina was a member of The Primrose League.

"The Primrose League was set up to promote Conservative values through social events and supporting the community."
The Daily Telegraph reported on 16 December 2004: "this week saw a significant event for any observers of political history: after 121 years, the Primrose League was finally wound up."

The Wikipedia entry on suffrage says: "As women were able to join [the Primrose league], this gave females of all classes the ability to mix with local and national political figures. Many also had important roles such as bringing voters to the polls. This removed segregation and promoted political literacy amongst women."

Some of Ina's Writing:Sydney Morning Herald December, 1924

'How we Played "Clancarty"' [Victoria Magazine, 1877]

'An Argument Against Lady Helps' [Victoria Magazine, 1879]

'A Loveless Sacrifice' [1882]

'Society's Queen' [1883]

'Between Midnight and Dawn' [1885]

'A Type-Writing Romance' by Ina Leon Cassilis (illus. M. F. Sambourne)

'A King of Shreds and Patches' by Ina Leon Cassilis

'Those landladies' [Samuel French, T. Henry French, 1890]

'A superior person' [duologue, Samuel French, 1890]

'The Light of Pengarth' [one-act play, 1891]

'Cheerful and musical' [Samuel French, 1891]

'Hearts or Diamonds' [1891]

Ina_Leon_Cassilis_Strangely_Wooed.jpg'Cash for Coronets', by Ina Leon Cassilis and F. H. Morland. [1894]

'Dr Vyron' [1895]

'Demon Darrell' by Ina Cassilis and Frank H. Morland [1898]

'Hidden Foe', A melodrama

'Interviewed' [Publ. by S. French, Ltd]

'The Two Misses Ibbotson' [A play in 2 acts, Fr., 1900]

Swan, Annie S.; Watson, Sydney; Maggie Swan; Laurie Lansfeldt; Elton Harris; G. B. Stuart; Ina Leon Cassilis - 'In Haste to Be Rich, for the Sake of the Family and Other Stories' (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1898). ... 'A Daughter to Sell', by Laurie Lansfeldt; ... 'The Perfect Knight', by Ina Leon Cassilis.

Cassilis_4.jpg 'My Lady's Kinsman' [in Pennsylvania Grit Story Companion, Vol. XIX, No. 43, September 29, 1901]

'A Cheerful Companion' [duologue, 1905]


And in the New General Catalog of Old Books and Authors:


'Duologues' [1892]
'Faith And Unfaith' [1922]
'Infelice' [1922]
'Mrs Hazleton's Lie' [1923]
'Martyr Or Criminal?.' [1925]
'Blind Justice' [1926]
'Cheerful And Musical' [?]

And some Reviews:

A Noble Atonement, [drama, in four acts, 1892]
"by Ina Leon Cassilis, is the best drama that the authoress has yet written. The hero, Wilford Locksley, has led a profligate life, but has reformed, and is engaged to 'Marguerite Melville. The latter discovers a liaison that has existed in the past between him and Rosamond Yerner, and he, knowing how unworthy he is of Marguerite, leads her to believe almost that it still exists. Kosamond is now married to a silly old fellow, Edward Smith, but this does not prevent her determination to regain her ascendency over Locksley. Marguerite's father, Arthur Melville, is manager to Mr. Smith ; he has speculated wildly, and it is suggested to him by Rosamond that he shall stave off his difficulties by forging her husband's name, she promising Melville that he shall come to no harm. She hopes thus to get him in her power, and so force him to refuse his consent to a marriage between Locksley and Marguerite, who still clings to him. Melville does forge, and gets Joe Snedger, an humble hanger-on of Locksley's, to cash the draft. The forgery is discovered, and Locksley, who knows the culprit, to save Marguerite's father, makes the 'noble atonement' for his past evil life by tacitly accepting the onus of the crime. Marguerite discovers the truth and wins her lover, who silences Rosamond by threatening to disclose the secret of her vicious life to her unsuspecting husband. Mr. Charles Lander played Locksley with considerable earnestness of feeling. Miss Lesley Bell's Rosamond Verner was an excellent performance. Miss Leila Rivers was clever as a 'slavey', Dabbs. Miss Annie Cathew was sympathetic as Marguerite, and Mr. D. G. English did well as a dissipated, roue sort of character, Dolly Marchmont."

Vida, [drama in three acts, by Ina Leon Cassilis and Charles Lander, 1892]
"There is little occasion to dwell upon 'Vida', a society drama (produced at the Prince of Wales's Theatre on Tuesday, March 1st), by Ina Leon Cassilis and Charles Lander, which will probably be acceptable to provincial audiences, though of too old material to suit a London programme. It is merely the history of a Neapolitan adventuress who ensnares a young baronet into a promise which he would probably fulfil, but that he discovers her past and her liaison with a gambler. The two men fight, and the baronet imagines he has killed his rival. Sir Wilford Falconer returns to England, and becomes engaged to an English girl, Muriel Vernon. The adventuress Vida, under the name of Miss Lorrimore, becomes a guest ot Lady Falconer, the baronet's mother, and threatens to accuse Sir Wilford of the murder of St. Var unless she becomes Lady Falconer. As might be expected in a play of this sort, St. Var reappears, and he has a quarrel with Vida. Falconer comes on the scene, and St. Var draws a pistol, and, whether intentionally or by accident, kills Vida, who dies in the baronet's arms. Mr. Frank K. Cooper and Miss Lingard as the baronet and Vida respectively exerted them- selves to the utmost, and it was not their fault that the play could not be reckoned a success. Monsieur Leon Roche exhibited some strength as St. Var; Miss Lilian Kingston was a sympathetic Muriel Vernon ; and Miss Clarice Shirley was a delightful ingenue as Evelyn Harley."

Cassilis_WAH.jpg And Read some of a Serial by Ina Leon Cassilis:

The World Against Her, chapter 8 (with synopsis)
The World Against Her, chapter 15
The World Against Her, chapter 31

Ina contributed to (amongst others):

Annie S. Swan's Penny Weekly Stories [Nos 27 - 52] (1898)
the 'Girl's Realm Annual For 1907.

From Thousands of Noras: Short Plays by Women, 1875-1920 by Sherry Engle and Susan Croft, Editors



The Probate confirms that Georgina was Ina Leon Cassilis

Georgina - Probate


Birth: Dec 1844, Kensington, 3, 295
Death: Dec 1924, Paddington, 1a, 3