Charles Stewart Drewry Laurentia Buschman William Tillotson Drewry Charles Stewart Drewry Edith Stewart Drewry Margaretta Elizabeth Main Julia Fava Wood Georgina Drewry Laurentia Drewry Emily Drewry Charles Stewart Drewry Maude Stewart Drewry Annie Isabel Drewry William C. F. Drewry James Sidney Drewry Vincent Harold Drewry Julia Theresa Drewry Alfred F. Vere Drewry Mini tree diagram

Charles Stewart Drewry

Charles, 1925

1843 - 1929

Life History

7 Dec 1842

Born in Notting Hill.

21 Apr 1843

Baptised in Paddington.

16th Jan 1875

Married Margaretta Elizabeth Main in South Horsham, Southampton.

4th Sep 1876

Birth of son Charles Stewart Drewry in 9, Upper Road, Plaistow.

1876

Death of Margaretta Elizabeth Main in Essex.

11th Feb 1878

Married Julia Fava Wood in Marston, West Ham.

1878

Birth of daughter Maude Stewart Drewry.

1880

Birth of daughter Annie I. Drewry in London, Clapton.

1881

Birth of son William C. F. Drewry.

1883

Birth of son James Sidney Drewry in London, Clapton.

1884

Birth of son Vincent H. Drewry in London Walworth Rd.

1886

Birth of daughter Julia T. Drewry.

16th Jan 1888

Birth of son Alfred F. Vere Drewry in Finsbury Park.

23rd March 1929

Died in Richmond.

27th March 1929

Buried in East Sheen Cemetery.

Charles and Julia, 1925

Notes

Charles Stewart Drewry Baptism

On 21st October, 1872, Charles was 2nd engineer on board the 'Baroda' travelling from the Port of Galle to Sydney, New South Wales. The Baroda plied the Bombay - Australia route.
In 1873, the ship is in quarantine in Sydney harbour because of a smallpox epidemic.

"The run-down Quarantine Station had become unsuitable for passenger quarantine ... The passengers were kept aboard .. ship, because the station could not adequately house them. The inadequacy was further publicised during the quarantine of the Baroda in 1873, when first class passengers had to do their own washing."

From FreeBMD

Marriage: Mar 1875, Drewry Charles Stewart, S Stoneham, 2c 91

in 1875, Charles married Margaretta Elizabeth Main, in Southampton. (Perhaps his ship was in dock there?). Charles's address in the marriage certificate is given as Harrow Road, Paddington, and Margaretta's as South Horsham. The marriage was witnessed by Elizabeth Greaves, Charles Greaves, and William Tillotson Drewry.

CSD_jnr_birth_announcment1876.jpg In September, 1876, Charles and Margaretta had a child, and gave him the same name as his father: Charles Stewart. Margaretta died that same year. Charles Stewart Jr. remains in the family at least until the 1891 census. He later moves to Manchester.

SSnepaul.jpg The birth announcement has Charles, in 1876, a member of the crew of the P&O ship the SS Nepaul.

Read the ebook containing letters written during a trip to southern India ... on the SS. Nepaul, Indian Ocean, Thursday, 2nd November, 1876.

The SS Nepaul ran aground in 1890, near Plymouth, when she was homeward bound from Calcutta to London - but this was some time after Charles had left the ship.
(Mary Drewry said that when Charles married Julia, she made him stay ashore!)

From FreeBMD

Marriage: Mar 1878, Drewry Charles Stewart, West Ham, 4a 42

In 1878, Charles' second marriage, with Julia, was witnessed by
Mary Fava Wood, Julia's sister, and
William Tillotson Drewry Charles's brother.
In the marriage certificate, Charles is described as a widower; profession: Engineer.
At the time of the marriage, Charles and Julia are both living in Plaistow.

In the 1881 census: the family is living at 14, London Rd.
The members of the household are:

Charles S Drewry38Surgical Appliance Manufacturerb. London
Julia F Drewry29b. Scotland Edinboro.
Charles S Drewry4b. Essex, Plaistow
Maud My. S Drewry2b. Essex, Plaistow
Annie Drewry8 mthsb. Middlesex, Clapton
Mary F. Wood24unmarried, Sister-in-lawb. Scotland Edinboro.
Annie E. Wood21unmarried, Sister-in-lawb. Scotland Edinboro.
Jane Russell32married, General Servant b. London

In October 1881 recorded in the birth certificate of their son William C. F. they are living at 11, Glenarvon Road, Hackney.
In William's certificate, Charles' occupation is shown as 'Surgical instrument maker'.
(Interestingly, in Charles and Julia's marriage certificate, Julia's father, James, is described as a 'Surgical Hosier'.)

C_S_Stewart_Land_Tax_1883.jpg In 1883, the family is living at 184, Walworth Road.
On May 6th that year three of the children, Annie I., William C. F., and James S. are baptised in St. John's Walworth.
Again, the baptism records show their father as a 'Surgical instrument maker'

The Land Tax record, on the right, lists the property in Walworth Road as 'House & Shop'.
Walworth Road runs south from the Elephant and Castle, in London, becoming Camberwell Road and eventually Herne Hill. 184 has been redeveloped and is now The Consultation Hub, part of Southwark Council.

In 1890, according to the school registration of Maude and Annie Isabel, the family is living at 232, Barry Road, less than 4 miles south of Walworth Road.

In the 1891 census: the family is living at 1 Market Place, in the Camberwell parish.

Charles and Julia, 1906 The members of the household are:

Charles S Drewry49Mechanical Engineer
Julia F Drewry41b. Scotland Edinboro.
Charles S Drewry14Shop boyb. Essex, Plaistow
Maud M Drewry12Scholarb. Essex, Plaistow
Annie I Drewry10Scholarb. Middlesex, Bow
William C Drewry9Scholarb. Middlesex, Clapton
James S Drewry8Scholarb. Middlesex, Clapton
Harold V Drewry7b. London, Walworth
Julia T Drewry4b. Essex, Buckhurst Hill
Alfred V Drewry3b. Hornsey

In January 1894, the school record of William, James and Vincent shows the family address as 105, Milkwood Road (near Herne Hill).

In 1896, when Alfred F V Drewry was baptised, the family address was 55, Deronda Road (near Tulse Hill and Dulwich).

In 1898 the Electoral Registers have Charles S Drewry in Underhill Road, 1, Market Place.

In 1900 the Electoral Registers have Charles Stewart Drewry at 303, Milkwood Road, Tulse Hill District.

(In 1900, the Herne Hill Cycle Works were located in three railway arches at 286-290 Milkwood Road - see below).

In the 1901 census, the family is living at 34, Kestrel Avenue, Lambeth
and the family comprises:

Charles S Drewry58Mechanical Engineer
Julia F Drewry52
James S Drewry18Mechanical Engineer
Vincent H Drewry17Shorthand Clerk [Harold V. in previous]
Julia T Drewry14 Scholar
Alfred V F Drewry13 Scholarb. Finsbury Park, Lambeth
Jessie M Wood11 niece of Juliab. London, Lambeth
Teresa J Wood13 niece of Juliab. London, Lambeth

In 1909, James Sidney (aged 27) and Harold Vincent (aged 25) are paying a rent of 15 shillings each per week, as 'lodgers', living with their parents in Stanley Lodge, Stanley Road, Teddington.
[Stanley Road still exists, but I cannot find a 'Stanley Lodge' - though there is a 'Teddington Lodge' at number 66.]

James_Vincent_1909.jpg

In 1909, the Electoral Registers have Charles Stuart Drewry at 26, Stanley Road, Teddington.

Vincent married later that year, and James the following year, setting up their own homes.
By 1911, the rest of the family had moved to Kew Gardens.

In the 1911 Census - 30, Lawn Crescent, Kew Gardens

Charles Stewart DrewryHead68Mechanical Engineer, own account, at home
Julia Fava DrewryWife62married 33 yrs b. Edinboro' NB
Maude Stewartdaughter32Actressb. Plaistow Middlesex
Julia Teresa Drewrydaughter24 L.C.C. teacherb. Buckhurst Hill Essex
Alfred Frederick Vere Drewryson23 Buyer in Motor body factory

signature In 1914, in his son, Alfred's wedding certificate, Charles is described as 'Retired Engineer' (He would be 71 then)

Herne Hill Cycle Works - Drewry & Sons

Civil and Etherington (C&E) state that
"the Drewry & Sons 'works' was located in three railway arches at 286-290 Milkwood Road, beneath the south end of Herne Hill railway station. The arches remain there to this day. This site was known as Herne Hill Cycle Works in 1900 and was then occupied by H D Coventry & Co. The first recorded the appearance (in a 1902 trade directory) of the Drewy name at this address, lists Charles Stewart Drewry & Sons as cycle makers, whilst corresponding entries for 1905 and 1906 show Drewry & Sons as motor engineers."

The 'sons' in Drewry & Sons were minimally James and Alfred. Alfred does not appear to have been officially connected with the Drewry Car Co although one suspects that various members of the family were at different times involved.
For example, in 1908, William Drewry "was awarded a bonus of £20 in consideration of the 'good results obtained from the cars running on the Leopoldine Railway'" (C&E p.24)
In 1928, Vincent Drewry, as a 'Railway Officer', visited Argentina.

Drewry Family, 1925The obituary of Charles' son, James S Drewry, says that "After serving an apprenticeship in the family cycle business of Drewry and Sons at Herne Hill, he joined in 1899 the firm of De Dions." So it seems that Charles (& Sons) had been in the cycle business for some time before they took over the Herne Hill Cycle Works. It may be that the move to the new premises coincided with, indeed may have been needed by, the development of the first Drewry railcar.

Drewry & Sons - The Drewry Car Co.

James on Trolley no. 1 In 1904, James Drewry (right) took his first motorized rail inspection Trolley to Africa. One suspects that enough interest was shown in it to persuade Charles that Drewry & Sons should be in the railcar business.

The Wikipedia entry for the Drewry Car Co. says:
"Drewry & Sons ran a motor and cycle repair business in Herne Hill, London, and started building BSA engined inspection railcars. A ready market was found in South America, Africa, and India. Drewry Car Co Ltd was registered on 27 November 1906. In 1908 BSA (of motor-cycle fame) took over building the railcars at Small Heath, Birmingham."

The pictures below (click on an image for a larger size picture) show 1908 and 1910 railcars in production.
Rail car, 1908 Rail car, 1908 Rail car, 1908 Manufacture at BSA, 1910

'A Catalogue of the Papers of the Birmingham Small Arms Company Limited' in www.warwick.ac.uk: MSS.19A/1/2/4 (Dec 1908) mentions an "order for manufacture of 10 Drewry railcars".

Drewry advert 1910 The Wikipedia entry for the Drewry Car Co. continues:
"In 1911 building was taken over by Baguley Cars Ltd, Burton-on-Trent. From 1930 a lot of Drewry locomotives were built by English Electric companies."
However, there is also the following statement which is to say the least rather curious:
"In 1962 Drewry acquired a controlling interest in what had become E E Baguley Ltd, and formed Baguley-Drewry Ltd in 1987, thus once again building its own locomotives, in Burton-on-Trent. The company closed in 1984."
(The '1987' could be a typo, an '8' instead of a '6', but given that James Drewry died in 1952, who was the Drewry who took over E E Baguley?)

The Drewry Car Co. in Civil and Etherington (C&E)

Trolley C&E (p.24) report that: "The Drewry Car Co Ltd. was registered on 27th November 1906 with its office at River Plate House, 13 South Place, London EC. " This address was also the headquarters of a number of British owned Argentinian railway companies and of Arthur G Evans & Co Ltd. Evans & Co were the London arm of import agents based in Buenos Aires.
"It was the prospect of supplying more Drewry railcars to [the South American] market that induced Arthur G Evans & Co to take a major financial interest in the new company."

The directors of the new company were Charles Drewry (Chairman), James Drewry, and Guy Evans (partner in Arthur G Evans & Co).
At the first board meeting in December 1906 "it was resolved to 'purchase and acquire the business of manufacturers of railway-motor cars heretofore carried on by the firm of Drewry & Sons at Herne Hill, but now intended to be carried on at (59) Somerset Road, Teddington.'
The Drewrys were each allotted 250 paid up £1 shares in the new company .. A further 500 shares were allotted to Guy Evans [and his partners]. .. Arthur G Evans & Co was appointed sole agent throughout the world for the sale of railway motor cars and other products.
"

All did not go well at Teddington (too small, too costly) and in 1908 the Birmingham Small Arms Co Ltd (BSA) agreed to manufacture the railcars. "It also agreed to take over the stock, modern machine tools and usable plant at Teddington .. and further agreed to employ J S Drewry as a designer for a minimum six months. As a result of this he left the Drewry board and is not heard of again in a Drewry Car Co context." (C&E p.24)

BSA_Railcar_20hp BSA_Railcar_20hp_2

Drewry Car Co. plate from an engine BSA and Baguley

Unfortunately, while business was growing steadily, BSA were not making any money out of manufacturing Drewry cars. In March 1910, Ernest E Baguley Manager of BSA's Motor division suggested to the BSA board that they should ask Drewry to find another manufacturer for their vehicles. When the board eventually did so in September, 1911, the Drewry board had already found a new manufacturer and the agreement with BSA was terminated in December of that year.

The new manufacturer was Baguley Cars Ltd of Burton-on-Trent, set up by Ernest E Baguley. BSA had 'dispensed with his services' towards the end of 1910, and Ernest had seen that with financial backing he could create a company that could bid for Drewry work.

Baguley-Drewry Ltd.

Popular Railcar The Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent Archive Service have some of the records of 'Baguley-Drewry Ltd., of Uxbridge Street, Burton-on-Trent, Staffordshire'.

They describe the company as follows:

"Baguley Cars was founded in 1902, developing from the earlier Burton railway engineering firm of Thornewill and Warham. In 1911 the firm began the concentration of railcar and locomotive construction but in 1931 Baguley (Engineers) Ltd. failed. A new firm, E. E. Baguley Ltd., was founded in 1933 to continue the work of the earlier firm and this later became Baguley-Drewry Ltd.

Cane Trolley Most of the early output of the firm was under the Drewry (headquarters at River Place House, London E.C.2) name and the variable link with Drewry is frequently confusing, as many "Drewry of London" vehicles were actually built at Baguleys in Burton."

About the production they say:

"All Baguley/Baguley-Drewry/Drewry products were referred to as "cars", irrespective of whether they were petrol/diesel railcars, petrol/diesel/steam/electric locomotives, or railway rolling stock.
Much of the Company's production was for Overseas markets - narrow gauge locomotives became a particularly speciality. Many of the products were highly individualistic (many ornate inspection saloons for Oriental railways, for instance) and often of highly archaic appearance.
"

drewryrailcarDieselAdvertsm.jpg As examples of the many records in the National Archives, the following are a few:

  • 10 ton platform truck supplied to Ministry of Munitions
  • 4 h.p. rail car (literally a car on rails) for the war office
  • No.902 20h.p. 0-4-0 supplied to war office for Le Havre
  • No.681 10 h.p. 2ft. gauge supplied to Assam Tea Gardens
  • No.684 10 h.p. 60 cm. gauge 0-4-0 for War Office Trench Warfare Department
  • No.698 20 h.p. metre gauge loco supplied to French Government's Bourges Arsenal
  • South India Railway: cars No s1324-1325 for Nilgiri Mountain Railway
  • Car No.1326 for Barbados Government Railway
  • Tasmanian Government Railways - 75 h.p. chassis Nos. 1498-1500
  • Cars Nos. 1543-1544 for Fayoum Light Railway, Egypt
  • Saloon car No.2048 for Burma Railways
  • 102 h.p. 0-4-0 loco. No.2128 for Calcutta Electric Supply Co.
  • 6 wheel petrol railcar "Panghai, Namtu" (?China)
  • and many, many more.

Advert Ask Jeeves discussing the Baguley-Drewry company state:

"Drewry Car Co, strictly speaking, was a railway locomotive and railcar sales organisation for most of its life. Only at the start and the end of its life did it build its own products, relying on sub-contractors for the rest of its time. ..."

"Drewry & Sons ran a motor and cycle repair business in Herne Hill, London, and started building BSA engined inspection railcars. A ready market was found in South America, Africa, and India. Drewry Car Co Ltd was registered on 27 November 1906. In 1908 BSA (of motor-cycle fame) took over building the railcars at Small Heath, Birmingham. In 1911 building was taken over by Baguley Cars Ltd, Burton-on-Trent. From 1930 a lot of Drewry locomotives were built by English Electric companies. In 1962 Drewry acquired a controlling interest in what had become E E Baguley Ltd, and formed Baguley-Drewry Ltd in 1987, thus once again building its own locomotives, in Burton-on-Trent. The company closed in 1984. "

The above is very curious. Which Drewry "acquired a controlling interest" in 1962?

Advert

WW1

The first two years of the first world war were not too busy for the Drewry Car Co, but in 1916, business started to get better with orders from the French and British governments.

One order from the British on behalf of the Russian government was for 20 armoured rail car chassis. These were being delivered in 1917 when the Revolution started.

C&E (p.29) point out that for some time there was uncertainty about who would settle the account.
"Someone paid up the following year (1918), but whether it was the Russians or the British government is not recorded. "
(See also Vincent Drewry)

Drewry_car_and_trailer_1921.jpg

Death of Charles

C&E (p.31) state that:
"Mr C S Drewry, the founder and last member of the family to serve on the board of directors died on 23rd March 1929 whilst still in office. He had been prevented by ill health from attending meetings for some two years "

William Jefferson Wakley

The book The First Tank Crews has a biography of Lieutenant Jefferson Wakley. It includes the statement that "After the [first world] war he was the proprietor of the Drewry Railcar Coy".

The Journal of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers, Volume 21 / 1931 reports a meeting in London in February, 1931, of the the Institution of Locomotive Engineers. William Jefferson Wakley, Drewry Car Co., Ltd, 13, South Place, London EC2, is listed as a member.

From FreeBMD

Death: Mar 1929, Drewry, Charles Stewart, Richmond S. 2a 1202

Burial

Charles's burial is recorded as 27/03/1929 in Richmond's East Sheen Cemetery, section F plot/grave 54. It is unmarked. The unmarked grave beside it, grave 53 is that of Charles's son-in-law, Fred Knight.
(See photo and burial entry in Julia's page.)

Probate

Charles Stewart Drewry - Probate

Also Found

FijiSugarsm.jpg

 

I found the photo on the right using Google. It belongs to the Fiji Sugar Corporation and appears to show a Drewry rail car that has reached the end of its days in Fiji.

The link to images on the Web site is broken so I was unable to find if there is any description or any more photos.
There is no email link on the site to ask permission to use the photo, so I have 'borrowed' it.

Click on the photo for a larger picture.

Fiji2.jpg

 

The photo on the left was also found in the Fiji Sugar Corporation site.

The caption is the same as that for the above photo and says: "Drewry inspection Car at Labasa, 1957. (Photograph:Peter Hodge)."

Click on the photo for a larger picture.

Schienenmobil1914.jpg

 

The photo on the right was found in a German site: Auf schmaler Spur - Cyprus Government Railway.

The caption is: "1914: Schienenmobil der englischen Drewry Car Company Ltd. für die C.G.R.."

"aus: The Railway Gazette, Mai 1914."

drewry_insp_1960.jpg

 

The photo on the left was found on the Beautiful Karachi blog page.

The author describes it as a

"mechanized trolley of 1960s. It was called Drewry Trolley."

 

The two photos below were found in the Weston, Clevedon & Portishead Railway site. The third (colour) photo in an image gallery shows a model of a Weston-Super-Mare (WC&PR) Drewry railcar purchased in 1926.

Drewry_WLsm.jpg Drewry_WL2.jpg

Drewry_WL3sm.jpg

The railcar on the left (click for larger photo) was bought in 1921 by Colonel Stephens of WCP&R to his specification. The "matching trailer seating 24" on the right was bought in 1923.

People: Harold Jennings Kitchen (from Bermuda Railway Pages)

"If I had to choose one name synonymous with the Bermuda Railway, it would have to be that of the line's Chief Engineer, Harold Jennings Kitchen, whose job description seems to have been 'keep the damn thing running.'"

"Harold Kitchen's earlier railway experience had been on mining and other railways in South America. In the 1920s he worked as a design engineer for the Drewry Car Company, in England, which was responsible for the design and manufacture of the rolling stock for the Bermuda Railway. Kitchen himself designed the gearbox used on the Bermuda Railway power cars."

" With the Railway under construction, in the late 1920s, Kitchen came to Bermuda, probably to represent the Drewry Car Co. ...."

RailcarAustralia.jpg

 

From the Historical Railway Photographs from Central Western NSW site.

This picture shows Australian railway workers - a 'fettling gang' from Mallee Camp (west of Mellelea) - in New South Wales gathering "to collect their wages from a paymaster in the Drewry Car".

Spurn.jpg

 

From the Spurn Railway Web site.

A Drewry railcar from 1920 - at the end of its life.

StatfoldBarnRailway.jpg

In the Statfold Barn Railway Web site.

A restored Drewry inspection railcar. A "10HP petrol-engined railcar was built by Baguley of Burton-on-Trent, on behalf of the Drewry Car Co. Ltd, as one of a batch of 20 ordered in December 1918 for the French Government Railway School (Ecole Chemin de Fer) at Versailles near Paris. It is representative of several batches of such vehicles supplied to the French Government and the Eastern Railway of France during and immediately after the First World War. It is designed for bi-directional use, with tram-style flip-back seats and removable throttle and gear levers that can be inserted into slots in the floor at either end of the vehicle. Lifting poles were provided to enable the crew to lift the 1¼ ton vehicle clear of the track if the need arose. A simple flatbed trailer was originally supplied with the railcar ... "

An advert

Note the telegram address!

DrewryCoAdvertsm.jpg

Also found in FreeBMD curiously:

Marriage: Dec 1879, Drewry, Margaret Elizabeth, Lambeth, 1d 668

This Margaret Elizabeth, marrying George Trill, in the presence of John Darwin Smith and Emma Drewry, was born Margaret Elizabeth Smith, about 1822.
The marriage certificate shows her as a widow, almost certainly of George Drewry whom she married in Lambeth in 1845 (GRO: Sep 1845, 4, 332).